AMCX - 12.31.12 - 10K

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
þ
Annual report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012
or
¨
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 1-35106
 
AMC Networks Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
27-5403694
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY
 
10001
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(212) 324-8500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.   
Yes  þ No  ¨ 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  þ



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the closing price of a share of common stock on June 29, 2012 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $2,029,000,000.
The number of shares of common stock outstanding as of February 19, 2013:
Class A Common Stock par value $0.01 per share
60,614,883

Class B Common Stock par value $0.01 per share
11,784,408


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
Certain information required in Item 10 through Item 14 of Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K is incorporated herein by reference to the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for its 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, within 120 days of the Registrant’s fiscal year end.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
Part I
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Business
 
 
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
 
 
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
 
 
Item 2.
Properties
 
 
 
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
 
 
Part II
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
 
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
 
 
 
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
 
 
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
 
 
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
Item 9B.
Other Information
 
 
 
Part III
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
 
 
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
 
 
 
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
 
 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
 
 
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
 
 
Part IV
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
 
SIGNATURES


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Part I
Item 1. Business.
General
AMC Networks Inc. is a Delaware corporation with our principal executive offices at 11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001. AMC Networks Inc. is a holding company and conducts substantially all of its operations through its subsidiaries. Unless the context otherwise requires, all references to “we,” “our,” “us,” “AMC Networks” or the “Company” refer to AMC Networks Inc., together with its direct and indirect subsidiaries. “AMC Networks Inc.” refers to AMC Networks Inc. individually as a separate entity. Our telephone number is (212) 324-8500. Our internet address is http://www.amcnetworks.com and the investor relations section of our website is located at http://investor.amcnetworks.com. We make available, free of charge through the investor relations section of our website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as well as our proxy statements, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). References to our website in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”) are provided as a convenience and the information contained on, or available through, the website is not part of this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.
AMC Networks Inc. was incorporated on March 9, 2011 as an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Cablevision Systems Corporation (Cablevision Systems Corporation and its subsidiaries are referred to as “Cablevision”). On June 6, 2011, Cablevision’s board of directors approved the distribution of all of the outstanding common stock of the Company to Cablevision shareholders (the “Distribution”) and the Company thereafter acquired 100% of the limited liability company interests in Rainbow Media Holdings LLC (“RMH”), the subsidiary of Cablevision through which Cablevision had historically owned the businesses described below. Cablevision spun-off the Company and the Company became an independent public company on June 30, 2011, the date of the Distribution. Both Cablevision and AMC Networks continue to be controlled by Charles F. Dolan, certain members of his immediate family and certain family related entities (collectively the “Dolan Family”).
Our Company
AMC Networks owns and operates several of cable television’s most recognized brands delivering high quality content to audiences and a valuable platform to distributors and advertisers. Since our founding in 1980, we have been a pioneer in the cable television programming industry, having created or developed some of the industry’s leading programming networks. Since our inception, including through our creation of Bravo (in 1980), which we sold to NBC Universal in 2002, and AMC (in 1984), we have focused on programming of film and original productions. We have continued our dedication to quality programming and storytelling through our creation of The Independent Film Channel (today known as IFC) in 1994 and WE tv (which we launched as Romance Classics in 1997) and our acquisition of Sundance Channel in June 2008.
We manage our business through two reportable operating segments: (i) National Networks, which includes AMC, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel; and (ii) International and Other, which includes AMC/Sundance Channel Global, our international programming business; IFC Films, our independent film distribution business; and AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology, our network technical services business. Our National Networks are distributed throughout the United States (“U.S.”) via cable and other multichannel video programming distribution platforms, including direct broadcast satellite (“DBS”) and platforms operated by telecommunications providers (we refer collectively to these cable and other multichannel video programming distributors as “multichannel video programming distributors” or “distributors”). In addition to our extensive U.S. distribution, AMC, IFC and Sundance Channel are available in Canada and Sundance Channel and WE tv are available in other countries throughout Europe and Asia. We earn revenue principally from the distribution of our programming and the sale of advertising. Distribution revenue includes affiliation fees paid by distributors to carry our programming networks as well as the licensing of programming for digital, foreign and home video distribution. Other sources of revenue include origination fee revenue from our network technical services business and the licensing of brands for consumer products. In 2012, distribution and other revenue accounted for 61% of our consolidated revenues, net and advertising sales accounted for 39% of our consolidated revenues, net.
For financial information of the Company by operating segment, see Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Consolidated Results of Operations” and Note 16 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

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Our Strengths
Our strengths include:
Strong Industry Presence and Portfolio of Brands. We have operated in the cable programming industry for more than 30 years and over this time we have continually enhanced the value of our network portfolio. Our programming network brands are well known and well regarded by our key constituents—our viewers, distributors and advertisers—and have developed strong followings within their respective targeted demographics, increasing our value to distributors and advertisers. AMC (which targets adults aged 25 to 54), WE tv (which targets women aged 18 to 49 and 25 to 54), IFC (which targets adults aged 18 to 49) and Sundance Channel (which targets adults aged 25 to 54) have established themselves as important within their respective markets. Our deep and established presence in the industry and the recognition we have received for our brands through industry awards and other honors lend us a high degree of credibility with distributors and content producers, and help provide us with stable affiliate and studio relationships, advantageous channel placements and heightened viewer engagement.
Broad Distribution and Penetration of Our National Networks. Our national networks are broadly distributed in the United States. AMC, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel are each carried by all major multichannel video programming distributors. Our national networks are available to a significant percentage of subscribers in these distributors’ systems. This broad distribution and penetration provides us with a strong national platform on which to maintain, promote and grow our business.
Compelling Programming. We continually refine our mix of programming and, in addition to our popular film content, have increasingly focused on highly visible, critically-acclaimed original programming, including the award-winning Mad Men, Breaking Bad and The Walking Dead, which in 2012 became the first cable series in television history to achieve higher Nielsen Media Research (“Nielsen”) ratings than any other show of the Fall broadcast season among adults 18-49. Other popular series include The Killing, Hell on Wheels, Braxton Family Values, Mary Mary and Portlandia. Our focus on quality original programming, targeting specific audiences, has allowed us in recent years to increase our programming networks’ ratings and their viewership within these respective targeted demographics.
Recurring Revenue from Affiliation Agreements. Our affiliation agreements with multichannel video programming distributors are a recurring source of revenue. We generally seek to structure these agreements so that they are long-term in nature and to stagger their expiration dates, thereby increasing the predictability and stability of our affiliation fee revenues.
Desirable Advertising Platform. Our national networks have a strong connection with each of their respective targeted demographics, which make our programming networks an attractive platform to advertisers. We have experienced significant growth in our advertising revenues in recent years, which has allowed us to develop high-quality programming.
Our Strategy
Our strategy is to maintain and improve our position as a leading programming and entertainment company by owning and operating several of the most popular and award-winning brands in cable television that create engagement with audiences globally across multiple media and distribution platforms. The key focuses of our strategy are:
Continued Development of High-Quality Original Programming. We intend to continue developing strong original programming across all of our programming networks to enhance our brands, strengthen our relationships with our viewers, distributors and advertisers, and increase distribution and audience ratings. We believe that our continued investment in original programming supports future growth in distribution and advertising revenue. We also intend to continue to expand the exploitation of our original programming across multiple media and distribution platforms.
Increased Distribution of our Programming Networks. Of our four national networks, only AMC is substantially fully distributed in the United States. We intend to continue to seek increased distribution of our other national networks to grow affiliate and advertising revenues. In addition, we are expanding the distribution of our programming networks around the globe. We first expanded beyond the U.S. market with the launch in Canada of IFC (in 2001) and AMC (in 2006). We are building on this base through a distribution arrangement for AMC/Sundance Channel Global in Canada which we entered into in 2010, fifteen countries in Europe and seven countries in Asia, with additional expansion planned in 2013 and future years. We also distribute an international version of WE tv in five countries in Asia, with further expansion planned in other Asian markets.
Continued Growth of Advertising Revenue. We have a proven track record of significantly increasing revenue by introducing advertising on networks that were previously not advertiser supported. We first accomplished this in 2002, when we moved AMC and WE tv to an advertiser-supported model. More recently, in December 2010, we moved IFC to such a model. We seek to continue to evolve the programming on each of our networks to achieve even stronger viewer engagement within their respective core targeted demographics, thereby increasing the value of our programming to advertisers and allowing us to obtain higher advertising rates. For example, we continue to refine the programming mix on IFC to include

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alternative comedy programming, such as Portlandia and Comedy Bang! Bang!, in order to increase IFC’s appeal to its targeted demographic of adults aged 18 to 49. We are also continuing to seek additional advertising revenue at AMC and WE tv through higher Nielsen ratings in desirable demographics.
Increased Control of Content. We believe that control (including long-term contract arrangements) and ownership of content is becoming increasingly important, and we intend to increase our control position over our programming content. We currently control, own or have long-term license agreements covering significant portions of our content across our programming networks as well as in our independent film distribution business operated by IFC Films. We intend to continue to focus on obtaining the broadest possible control rights (both as to territory and platforms) for our content.
Exploitation of Emerging Media Platforms. The technological landscape surrounding the distribution of entertainment content is continuously evolving as new digital platforms emerge. We intend to distribute our content across as many of these new platforms as possible, when it makes business sense to do so, so that our viewers can access our content where, when and how they want it. To that end, our programming networks are allowing many of our distributors to offer our content to subscribers on computers and other digital devices, and on video-on-demand platforms, all of which permit subscribers to access programs at their convenience. We also make our IFC Films library content available on third-party digital platforms such as Netflix and iTunes. In addition to amctv.com, which delivers over 4 million unique browsers each month, our national networks each host dedicated websites that promote their brands, provide programming information and provide access to content.
Key Challenges
We face a number of challenges, including:
intense competition in the markets in which we operate;
a limited number of distributors for our programming networks;
continuing availability of desirable programming; and
significant levels of debt and leverage, as a result of the debt financing agreements described under Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
See Item 1A, “Risk Factors” for a discussion of these and other factors that could impact our performance and operating results.
National Networks
We own four nationally distributed entertainment programming networks: AMC, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel, which are available to our distributors in high-definition and/or standard-definition formats. Our programming networks principally generate their revenues from the distribution of programming and the sale of advertising. Affiliation fees paid by multichannel video programming distributors represent the largest component of distribution revenue, which also includes the licensing of original programming for digital, foreign and home video distribution. As of December 31, 2012, AMC, WE tv and IFC had 98.9 million, 81.5 million and 69.6 million Nielsen subscribers, respectively, and Sundance Channel had 50.2 million viewing subscribers (for a discussion of the difference between Nielsen subscribers and viewing subscribers, see “Subscriber and Viewer Measurement” below). Reported subscribers as of December 31, 2012 increased as compared to December 31, 2011 primarily reflecting the repositioning of our networks carriage with certain operators to more widely distributed tiers of service (see below).
AMC
AMC is a television network dedicated to the highest quality storytelling, whether commemorating favorite films or creating acclaimed original programming. In addition to presenting popular feature films from its comprehensive movie library, AMC features original programming that includes critically-acclaimed and award-winning original scripted dramatic series such as Mad Men, Breaking Bad, The Killing, Hell on Wheels and The Walking Dead, which in 2012 became the first cable series in television history to achieve higher Nielsen ratings than any other show of the Fall broadcast season among adults 18-49. Additionally, the network has introduced unscripted programming, including Talking Dead (a live talk show that follows premiere episodes of The Walking Dead), Comic Book Men, The Pitch and Small Town Security.
We launched AMC in 1984, and over the past several years it has garnered many of the industry’s highest honors, including 25 Emmy® Awards, 4 Golden Globe® Awards, 2 Screen Actors Guild Awards, 2 Peabody Awards, and 4 consecutive American Film Institute (AFI) Awards for Top 10 Most Outstanding Television Programs of the Year. AMC is the only cable network in history to win the Emmy® Award for Outstanding Drama Series four years in a row, as well as the Golden Globe® Award for Best Television Series—Drama for three consecutive years.

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AMC’s film library consists of films that are licensed from major studios such as Twentieth Century Fox, Warner Bros., Sony, MGM, NBC Universal, Paramount and Buena Vista under long-term contracts. AMC generally structures its contracts for the exclusive cable television rights to air the films during identified window periods.
AMC Subscribers and Affiliation Agreements. As of December 31, 2012, AMC had affiliation agreements with all major U.S. multichannel video programming distributors and reached approximately 99 million Nielsen subscribers.
Historical Subscribers—AMC
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
(in millions)
Nielsen Subscribers (at year-end)
 
98.9

 
96.3

 
96.4

Growth from Prior Year-end
 
3
%
 
 %
 
1
%
WE tv
WE tv is a women’s network that features original stories for and about modern women who are taking charge of their life, their family and their household.
WE tv’s original series include Braxton Family Values, Tamar & Vince, Mary Mary, Joan and Melissa: Joan Knows Best? and My Fair Wedding with David Tutera, among others. Additionally, WE tv’s programming includes series such as Charmed, Ghost Whisperer and Roseanne as well as feature films, with exclusive license rights to certain films from studios such as Paramount, Sony and Warner Bros.
WE tv Subscribers and Affiliation Agreements. As of December 31, 2012, WE tv had affiliation agreements with all major U.S. multichannel video distributors and reached approximately 82 million Nielsen subscribers.
Historical Subscribers—WE tv
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
(in millions)
Nielsen Subscribers (at year-end)
 
81.5

 
76.1

 
76.8

Growth from Prior Year-end
 
7
%
 
(1
)%
 
3
%
IFC
IFC creates original comedies that are in keeping with the network’s “Always On. Slightly Off” brand and which air alongside a collection of films and comedic cult TV shows.
The network’s original content includes the comedy series Portlandia, created by and starring Fred Armisen and Carrie Brownstein, and executive produced by Saturday Night Live's Lorne Michaels. Other IFC originals include Comedy Bang! Bang!, R. Kelly's Trapped in the Closet and Out There, an animated series created by the long time animation director of South Park (which premiered February 2013). IFC’s programming also includes series such as Arrested Development, Freaks and Geeks and Malcolm in the Middle, along with films from independent film distributors including Fox, Miramax, Sony, IFC Films, Lionsgate, Universal, Paramount and Warner Bros.
IFC Subscribers and Affiliation Agreements. As of December 31, 2012, IFC had affiliation agreements with all major U.S. multichannel video distributors and reached approximately 70 million Nielsen subscribers.
Historical Subscribers—IFC
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
(in millions)
Nielsen Subscribers (at year-end)
 
69.6

 
65.3

 
62.7

Growth from Prior Year-end
 
7
%
 
4
%
 
4
%
Sundance Channel
Launched in 1996 and acquired by us in 2008, Sundance Channel showcases today’s creative icons and the emerging talent of tomorrow, telling bold stories with a fresh point of view. In addition to award winning films, Sundance Channel is home to original programming that provides perspectives dedicated to founder Robert Redford’s mission to celebrate creativity.
In 2010, Sundance Channel embarked on an original scripted programming strategy with its first scripted mini-series, the acclaimed Carlos, which went on to win the 2011 Golden Globe® Award for Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television. The network’s second scripted project, Appropriate Adult, aired in Fall 2011 to critical acclaim and was nominated

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for a 2012 Golden Globe® Award. In December 2012, the network premiered a brand new original co-production Restless, and star Charlotte Rampling was nominated for a 2013 Screen Actors Guild Award. In 2013, Sundance Channel will launch two new original scripted series, Top of the Lake and Rectify. Top of the Lake (from Oscar® winning director Jane Campion) is a miniseries starring Holly Hunter and Elisabeth Moss. Rectify is Sundance Channel’s first wholly owned original scripted series from the producers of AMC’s Breaking Bad.
Sundance Channel also has a slate of original unscripted series, each exploring aspects of contemporary culture. Sundance Channel original unscripted programming includes the docu-series Push Girls, and celebrity vehicles The Mortified Sessions and Iconoclasts. The network recently announced the greenlight of a non-fiction series The Writers’ Room, in partnership with Entertainment Weekly.
In addition, the network benefits from its relationship with Sundance Institute and the renowned Sundance Film Festival, where each year the network gives festival attendees and viewers exclusive access to the festival on-site and through dedicated programming on-air and online.
Sundance Channel Subscribers and Affiliation Agreements. As of December 31, 2012, Sundance Channel had affiliation agreements with all major U.S. multichannel video programming distributors and reached approximately 50 million viewing subscribers. Sundance Channel currently generates advertising revenue from sponsorship arrangements and promotional breaks, rather than traditional advertising spots.
Historical Subscribers—Sundance Channel
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
(in millions)
Viewing Subscribers* (at year-end)
 
50.2

 
42.1

 
39.9

Growth from Prior Year-end
 
19
%
 
6
%
 
5
%
*
Subscriber counts are based on internal management reports and represent viewing subscribers. For a discussion of the differences between Nielsen subscribers and viewing subscribers, see “Subscriber and Viewer Measurement” below.

The increase in subscribers noted in the above table primarily reflects the repositioning of carriage of our Sundance Channel with certain operators to more widely distributed tiers of service.

International and Other

In addition to our National Networks, we also operate AMC/Sundance Channel Global, which is our international programming business; IFC Films, our independent film distribution business; and AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology, our network technical services business. Our International and Other segment also includes VOOM HD Holdings LLC (“VOOM HD”), which we are winding down, and which continues to sell certain limited amounts of programming through program license agreements.
AMC/Sundance Channel Global
AMC/Sundance Channel Global’s business principally consists of seven distinct channels in thirteen languages spread across twenty-four countries, focusing primarily on AMC in Canada and globally on versions of the Sundance Channel and WE tv brands. Principally generating revenues from affiliation fees, AMC/Sundance Channel Global reached approximately 15.9 million viewing subscribers in Canada, Europe and Asia as of December 31, 2012, and has broad availability to distributors in Europe and in Asia through satellite and fiber delivery that can facilitate future expansion.
Sundance Channel—International
An internationally-recognized brand, Sundance Channel’s global services provide not only the best of the independent film world but also feature certain content from AMC, IFC, Sundance Channel and IFC Films, as well as serve as a unique pipeline of international content, in an effort to provide distinctive programming to an upscale audience.
The ability of Sundance Channel to offer content in standard definition and high definition ("HD") across multiple platforms provides value to distributors and opportunity for expansion into additional international markets. The international version of Sundance Channel is currently available via six distinct feeds providing service throughout various countries in Europe and Asia and provides programming in thirteen different languages. The network is distributed via satellite and fiber in Europe and via satellite in Asia with a substantial satellite footprint (which extends from the Philippines to the Middle East and from Russia to Australia).

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Canada
We provide programming to the Canadian market through our AMC and Sundance Channel brands, which are distributed through affiliation arrangements with the three major Canadian multichannel video programming distributors and through trademark license and content distribution arrangements with Canadian programming outlets. AMC Canada has today achieved near-full distribution in the Canadian market.
WE tv Asia
Providing programming in the Korean and Mandarin languages, WE tv Asia provides a selection of the best domestic programming from the WE tv U.S. network with programs like Bridezillas and My Fair Wedding with David Tutera, and some of the best programming from networks in the U.S., such as Tabatha’s Salon Takeover and Tori & Dean. With the same broad satellite footprint as Sundance Channel—International, WE tv Asia is available in South Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong.
IFC Films
IFC Films, our independent film distribution business, makes independent films available to a worldwide audience. IFC Films operates three distribution labels: Sundance Selects, IFC Films and IFC Midnight, all of which distribute critically acclaimed independent films across virtually all available media platforms, including in theaters, on cable/satellite video-on-demand (reaching approximately 50 million homes), DVDs and cable network television, and streaming/downloading to computers and other electronic devices. IFC Films has a film library consisting of more than 500 titles. Recently released films include: the Oscar®-nominated How to Survive a Plague, On the Road, Your Sister's Sister and Sleepwalk with Me.
As part of its strategy to encourage the growth of the marketplace for independent film, IFC Films also operates IFC Center, DOC NYC and SundanceNow. IFC Center is a state-of-the-art independent movie theater located in the heart of New York City’s Greenwich Village. DOC NYC is an annual festival also located in New York City celebrating documentary storytelling in film, photography, prose and other media. IFC Films’ direct-to-consumer online digital platform, SundanceNow, makes our IFC Films library content and independent film content licensed from third parties available to consumers in the U.S. and around the globe.
AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology
AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is a full-service network programming feed origination and distribution company, which primarily services the programming networks of the Company. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology’s operations are located in Bethpage, New York, where AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology consolidates origination and satellite communications functions in a 60,000 square-foot facility designed to keep AMC Networks at the forefront of network origination and distribution technology. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology has nearly 30 years’ experience across its network services groups, including affiliate engineering, network operations, traffic and scheduling that provide day-to-day delivery of any programming network, in high definition or standard definition.
Currently, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology is responsible for the origination of 33 programming feeds for national and international distribution. In addition to serving the programming networks of the Company, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology’s affiliated and third-party clients include Fuse, MSG Network, MSG Plus, MSG Varsity, SNY and Mid Atlantic Sports Network.

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Content Rights and Development
The programming on our networks includes original programming that we control, either through outright ownership or through long-term licensing arrangements, and acquired programming that we license from studios and other rights holders.
Original Programming
We contract with some of the industry’s leading independent production companies, including Lionsgate, Sony Pictures Television, Fox Television Studios, Entertainment One Television USA, RelativityREAL, Magical Elves, Broadway Video, Reveille Productions and Pilgrim Films & Television, to produce most of the original programming that appears on our programming networks. These contractual arrangements either provide us with outright ownership of the programming, in which case we hold all programming and other rights to the content, or they consist of long-term licensing arrangements, which provide us with exclusive rights to exhibit the content on our programming networks, but may be limited in terms of specific geographic markets or distribution platforms. We currently self produce two of our original series, AMC’s The Walking Dead and Sundance Channel's Rectify.
The original programming that we either exclusively license or own outright includes, for WE tv: Braxton Family Values, Mary Mary, Joan and Melissa: Joan Knows Best?, Cyndi Lauper: Still So Unusual and My Fair Wedding with David Tutera; for IFC: Portlandia and Comedy Bang! Bang!; for Sundance Channel: Push Girls, The Mortified Sessions and Iconoclasts. We may freely exhibit this programming on our networks or, in certain instances, through other distribution platforms, both in the U.S. and in international markets. We may also license this content to other programming networks or distribution platforms.
We hold long-term licenses for original programming that includes Mad Men, Breaking Bad, The Killing, Hell on Wheels and Bridezillas. These licensing arrangements give us the exclusive right for certain periods of time to exhibit the shows on our programming networks within the U.S. and, in some cases, in international markets. These licenses may also give us the right to exploit the programming on certain digital distribution platforms (such as video-on-demand and mobile devices) within our licensed territory. The license agreements are typically of multi-season duration and provide us with a right of first negotiation or a right of first refusal on the renewal of the license for additional programming seasons.
Acquired Programming
The majority of the content on our programming networks consists of existing films, episodic series and specials that we acquire pursuant to rights agreements with film studios, production companies or other rights holders. This acquired programming includes episodic series such as CSI: Miami, Charmed, Ghost Whisperer, Roseanne, Malcolm in the Middle and Arrested Development, as well as an extensive film library. The rights agreements for this content are of varying duration and generally permit our programming networks to carry these series, films and other programming during certain window periods.
Affiliation Agreements
Affiliation Agreements. Our programming networks are distributed to our viewing audience pursuant to affiliation agreements with multichannel video programming distributors. These agreements, which typically have durations of several years, require us to deliver programming that meets certain standards set forth in the agreement. We earn affiliation fees under these agreements, generally based upon the number of each distributor’s subscribers who receive our programming or, in some cases, based on a fixed contractual monthly fee. Our affiliation agreements also give us the right to sell a specific amount of national advertising time on our programming networks.
Our programming networks’ existing affiliation agreements expire at various dates through 2021. Failure to renew affiliation agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms, or the termination of those agreements could have a material adverse effect on our business, and, even if affiliation agreements are renewed, there can be no assurance that renewal rates will equal or exceed the rates that are currently being charged. In 2012, Comcast and DirecTV each accounted for approximately 10% or more of our consolidated revenues, net.
We frequently negotiate with distributors in an effort to increase the subscriber base for our networks. We have in some instances made upfront payments to distributors in exchange for these additional subscribers or agreed to waive or accept lower subscriber fees if certain numbers of additional subscribers are provided. We also may help fund the distributors’ efforts to market our programming networks or we may permit distributors to offer limited promotional periods without payment of subscriber fees. As we continue our efforts to add subscribers, our subscriber revenue may be negatively affected by such deferred carriage fee arrangements, discounted subscriber fees and other payments; however, we believe that these transactions generate a positive return on investment over the contract period.

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Advertising Arrangements
Under affiliation agreements with our distributors, we have the right to sell a specified amount of national advertising time on certain of our programming networks. Our advertising revenues are more variable than affiliation fee revenues because the majority of our advertising is sold on a short-term basis, not under long-term contracts. We sell advertising time in both the upfront and scatter markets. In the upfront market, advertisers buy advertising time for the upcoming season, and by purchasing in advance, often receive discounted rates. In the scatter market, advertisers buy advertising time close to the time when the commercials will be run, and often pay a premium. The mix between the upfront and scatter markets is based upon a number of factors, such as pricing, demand for advertising time and economic conditions. Our advertising arrangements with advertisers provide for a set number of advertising units to air over a specific period of time at a negotiated price per unit. In certain advertising sales arrangements, our programming networks guarantee specified viewer ratings for their programming. If these guaranteed viewer ratings are not met, we are generally required to provide additional advertising units to the advertiser at no charge. For these types of arrangements, a portion of the related revenue is deferred if the guaranteed viewer ratings are not met and is subsequently recognized either when we provide the required additional advertising time, the guarantee obligation contractually expires or performance requirements become remote. Most of our advertising revenues vary based upon the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen.
In 2012, our national programming networks had approximately 1,000 advertisers representing companies in a broad range of sectors, including the health, insurance, food, automotive and retail industries. Our AMC, WE tv and IFC programming networks use a traditional advertising sales model, while Sundance Channel principally sells sponsorships. Prior to December 2010, IFC principally sold sponsorships.
Subscriber and Viewer Measurement
The number of subscribers receiving our programming from multichannel video programming distributors generally determines the affiliation fees we receive. We refer to these subscribers as “viewing subscribers.” These numbers are reported monthly by the distributor and are reported net of certain excluded categories of subscribers set forth in the relevant affiliation agreement. These excluded categories include delinquent and complimentary accounts and subscribers receiving our programming networks during promotional periods. For most day-to-day management purposes, we use a different measurement, Nielsen subscribers, when that measurement is available. Nielsen subscribers represent the number of subscribers receiving our programming from multichannel video programming distributors as reported by Nielsen, based on their sampling procedures. Because Nielsen subscribers are reported without deduction for certain classes of subscribers, Nielsen subscriber figures tend to be higher than viewing subscribers for a given programming network. Nielsen subscriber figures are available for our AMC, WE tv and IFC programming networks.
For purposes of the advertising rates we are able to charge advertisers, the relevant measurement is the Nielsen rating, which measures the number of viewers actually watching the commercials within programs we show on our programming networks. This measurement is calculated by The Nielsen Company using their sampling procedures and reported daily, although advertising rates are adjusted less frequently. In addition to the Nielsen rating, our advertising rates are also influenced by the demographic mix of our viewing audiences, since advertisers tend to pay premium rates for more desirable demographic groups of viewers.
Regulation
The Federal Communications Commission (the “FCC”) regulates programming networks in certain respects when they are affiliated with a cable television operator, as we are with Cablevision. Other FCC regulations, although imposed on cable television operators and satellite operators, affect programming networks indirectly.
Closed Captioning
Certain of our networks must provide closed-captioning of programming for the hearing impaired. The 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010 also requires us to provide closed captioning on certain video programming that we offer on the Internet or through other Internet Protocol distribution.

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CALM Act
FCC rules require multichannel video programming distributors to ensure that all commercials comply with specified volume standards, and our affiliation agreements generally require us to certify compliance with such standards.
Obscenity Restrictions
Cable operators and other distributors are prohibited from transmitting obscene programming, and our affiliation agreements generally require us to refrain from including such programming on our networks.
Violent Programming
In 2007, the FCC issued a report on violence in programming that recommended that Congress prohibit the availability of violent programming, including cable programming, during the hours when children are likely to be watching. Recent events have led to a renewed interest by some members of Congress in the alleged effects of violent programming, which could lead to a renewal of interest in limiting the availability of such programming or prohibiting it.
Program Access
The “program access” provisions of the Federal Cable Act generally require satellite delivered video programming in which a cable operator holds an attributable interest, as that term is defined by the FCC, to be made available to all multichannel video programming distributors, including DBS providers and telephone companies, on nondiscriminatory prices, terms and conditions, subject to certain exceptions specified in the statute and the FCC’s rules. FCC rules provide that the FCC may order a cable-affiliated programmer to continue to make a programming service available to a multichannel video programming distributor during the pendency of a program access complaint, under the terms of the existing contract. For purposes of these rules, the common directors and five percent or greater voting stockholders of Cablevision and AMC Networks are deemed to be cable operators with attributable interests in us. As long as we continue to have common directors and major stockholders with Cablevision, our satellite-delivered video programming services will remain subject to the program access provisions. The FCC allowed a previous blanket prohibition on exclusive arrangements with cable operators to expire in October 2012, but will consider case-by-case complaints that exclusive contracts between cable operators and cable-affiliated programmers significantly hinder or prevent a competing distributor from providing satellite cable programming.
The FCC has also extended the program access rules to terrestrially-delivered programming created by cable operator-affiliated programmers such as us when a showing can be made that the lack of such programming significantly hinders or prevents the distributor from providing satellite cable programming. The rules authorize the FCC to compel the licensing of such programming in response to a complaint by a multichannel video programming distributor. These rules could require us to make any terrestrial programming services we create available to multichannel video programming distributors on nondiscriminatory prices, terms and conditions.
Program Carriage
The FCC has sought comment on proposed changes to the rules governing carriage agreements between cable programming networks and cable operators or other multichannel video programming distributors. Some of these changes could give an advantage to cable programming networks that are not affiliated with any distributor and make it easier for those programming networks to challenge a distributor’s decision to terminate a carriage agreement or to decline to carry a network in the first place.
Wholesale “À La Carte”
In 2007, the FCC sought comment on whether cable programming networks require distributors to purchase and carry undesired programming in return for the right to carry desired programming and, if so, whether such arrangements should be prohibited. The FCC has taken no action on this proposal. We do not currently require distributors to carry more than one of our national programming networks in order to obtain the right to carry a particular national programming network. However, we generally negotiate with a distributor for the carriage of all of our national networks concurrently.

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Effect of “Must-Carry” Requirements
The FCC’s implementation of the statutory “must-carry” obligations requires cable and DBS operators to give broadcasters preferential access to channel space. In contrast, programming networks, such as ours, have no guaranteed right of carriage on cable television or DBS systems. This may reduce the amount of channel space that is available for carriage of our networks by cable television systems and DBS operators.
Satellite Carriage
All satellite carriers must under federal law offer their service to deliver our and our competitor’s programming networks on a nondiscriminatory basis (including by means of a lottery). A satellite carrier cannot unreasonably discriminate against any customer in its charges or conditions of carriage.
Media Ownership Restrictions
FCC rules set media ownership limits that restrict, among other things, the number of daily newspapers and radio and television stations in which a single entity may hold an attributable interest as that term is defined by the FCC. Pursuant to a Congressional mandate, the FCC must review these rules every four years. Such a review is currently underway. Cablevision currently owns Newsday, a daily newspaper published on Long Island, New York. The fact that the common directors and five percent or greater voting stockholders of Cablevision and AMC Networks hold attributable interests in each of the companies for purposes of these rules means that these cross-ownership rules may have the effect of limiting the activities or strategic business alternatives available to us, at least for as long as we continue to have common directors and major stockholders with Cablevision. Although we have no plans or intentions to become involved in the businesses affected by these restrictions, we would need to be mindful of these rules if we were to consider engaging in any such business in the future.
Website Requirements
We maintain various websites that provide information regarding our businesses and offer content for sale. The operation of these websites may be subject to a range of federal, state and local laws such as privacy and consumer protection regulations.
Other Regulation
The FCC also imposes rules regarding political broadcasts and telemarketing.
Competition
Our programming networks operate in two highly competitive markets. First, our programming networks compete with other programming networks to obtain distribution on cable television systems and other multichannel video programming distribution systems, such as DBS, and ultimately for viewing by each system’s subscribers. Second, our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other sources of video content, including broadcast networks, to secure desired entertainment programming. The success of our businesses depends on our ability to license and produce content for our programming networks that is adequate in quantity and quality and will generate satisfactory viewer ratings. In each of these cases, some of our competitors are large publicly held companies that have greater financial resources than we do. In addition, we compete with these entities for advertising revenue.
It is difficult to predict the future effect of technology on many of the factors affecting AMC Networks’ competitive position. For example, data compression technology has made it possible for most video programming distributors to increase their channel capacity, which may reduce the competition among programming networks and broadcasters for channel space. On the other hand, the addition of channel space could also increase competition for desired entertainment programming and ultimately, for viewing by subscribers. As more channel space becomes available, the position of our programming networks in the most favorable tiers of these distributors would be an important goal. Additionally, video content delivered directly to viewers over the Internet competes with our programming networks for viewership.
Distribution of Programming Networks
The business of distributing programming networks to cable television systems and other multichannel video programming distributors is highly competitive. Our programming networks face competition from other programming networks’ carriage by a particular multichannel video programming distributor, and for the carriage on the service tier that will attract the most subscribers. Once our programming network is selected by a distributor for carriage, that network competes for viewers not only with the other programming networks available on the distributor’s system, but also with over-the-air broadcast television, Internet-based video and other online services, mobile services, radio, print media, motion picture theaters, DVDs, and other sources of information and entertainment.
Important to our success in each area of competition we face are the prices we charge for our programming networks, the quantity, quality and variety of the programming offered on our networks, and the effectiveness of our networks’ marketing efforts.

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The competition for viewers among advertiser supported networks is directly correlated with the competition for advertising revenues with each of our competitors.
Our ability to successfully compete with other networks may be hampered because the cable television systems or other multichannel video programming distributors through which we seek distribution may be affiliated with other programming networks. In addition, because such distributors may have a substantial number of subscribers, the ability of such programming networks to obtain distribution on the systems of affiliated distributors may lead to increased affiliation and advertising revenue for such programming networks because of their increased penetration compared to our programming networks. Even if such affiliated distributors carry our programming networks, such distributors may place their affiliated programming network on a more desirable tier, thereby giving the affiliated programming network a competitive advantage over our own.
New or existing programming networks that are affiliated with broadcasting networks like NBC, ABC, CBS or Fox may also have a competitive advantage over our programming networks in obtaining distribution through the “bundling” of agreements to carry those programming networks with agreements giving the distributor the right to carry a broadcast station affiliated with the broadcasting network.
An important part of our strategy involves exploiting identified markets of the cable television viewing audience that are generally well defined and limited in size. Our networks have faced and will continue to face increasing competition as other programming networks and online or other services seek to serve the same or similar niches.
Sources of Programming
We also compete with other programming networks to secure desired programming. Most of our original programming and all of our acquired programming is obtained through agreements with other parties that have produced or own the rights to such programming. Competition for this programming will increase as the number of programming networks increases. Other programming networks that are affiliated with programming sources such as movie or television studios or film libraries may have a competitive advantage over us in this area.
With respect to the acquisition of entertainment programming, such as syndicated programs and movies that are not produced by or specifically for networks, our competitors include national broadcast television networks, local broadcast television stations, video-on-demand programs and other cable programming networks. Internet-based video content distributors have also emerged as competitors for the acquisition of content or the rights to distribute content. Some of these competitors have exclusive contracts with motion picture studios or independent motion picture distributors or own film libraries.
Competition for Advertising Revenue
Our programming networks must compete with other sellers of advertising time and space, including other cable programming networks, radio, newspapers, outdoor media and, increasingly, Internet sites. We compete for advertisers on the basis of rates we charge and also on the number and demographic nature of viewers who watch our programming. Advertisers will often seek to target their advertising content to those demographic categories they consider most likely to purchase the product or service they advertise. Accordingly, the demographic make-up of our viewership can be equally or more important than the number of viewers watching our programming.
Employees
As of December 31, 2012 we had 980 full-time employees and 30 part-time employees. In addition, one of our subsidiaries engages the services of writers who are subject to a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that our employee and labor relations are good.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.
The risk factors described below are not inclusive of all risk factors but highlight those that the Company believes are the most significant and that could impact its performance and financial results. These risk factors should be considered together with all other information presented in this Annual Report.
Our business depends on the appeal of our programming to our distributors and our viewers, which may be unpredictable and volatile.
Our business depends in part upon viewer preferences and audience acceptance of the programming on our networks. These factors are often unpredictable and volatile, and subject to influences that are beyond our control, such as the quality and appeal of competing programming, general economic conditions and the availability of other entertainment activities. We may not be able to anticipate and react effectively to shifts in tastes and interests in our markets. A change in viewer preferences could cause our programming to decline in popularity, which could cause a reduction in advertising revenues and jeopardize renewal of our contracts with distributors. In addition, our competitors may have more flexible programming arrangements, as well as greater amounts of available content, distribution and capital resources, and may be able to react more quickly than we can to shifts in tastes and interests.
To an increasing extent, the success of our business depends on original programming, and our ability to predict accurately how audiences will respond to our original programming is particularly important. Because original programming often involves a greater degree of commitment on our part, as compared to acquired programming that we license from third parties, and because our network branding strategies depend significantly on a relatively small number of original programs, a failure to anticipate viewer preferences for such programs could be especially detrimental to our business. We periodically review the programming usefulness of our program rights based on a series of factors, including ratings, type and quality of program material, standards and practices, and fitness for exhibition. We have incurred write-offs of programming rights in the past, and may incur future programming rights write-offs if it is determined that program rights have no future usefulness.
In addition, feature films constitute a significant portion of the programming on our AMC, IFC and Sundance Channel programming networks. In general, the popularity of feature-film content on linear television is declining, due in part to the broad availability of such content through an increasing number of distribution platforms. Should the popularity of feature-film programming suffer significant further declines, we may lose viewership or be forced to rely more heavily on original programming, which could increase our costs.
If our programming does not gain the level of audience acceptance we expect, or if we are unable to maintain the popularity of our programming, our ratings may suffer, which will negatively affect advertising revenues, and we may have a diminished bargaining position when dealing with distributors, which could reduce our affiliation fee revenues. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain the success of any of our current programming, or generate sufficient demand and market acceptance for our new programming.
If economic problems persist in the United States or in other parts of the world, our results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our business is significantly affected by prevailing economic conditions. We derive substantial revenues from advertising spending by U.S. businesses, and these expenditures are sensitive to general economic conditions and consumer buying patterns. Financial instability or a general decline in economic conditions in the United States could adversely affect advertising rates and volume, resulting in a decrease in our advertising revenues.
Decreases in U.S. consumer discretionary spending may affect cable television and other video service subscriptions, in particular with respect to digital service tiers on which certain of our programming networks are carried. This could lead to a decrease in the number of subscribers receiving our programming from multichannel video programming distributors, which could have a negative impact on our viewing subscribers and affiliation fee revenues. Similarly, a decrease in viewing subscribers would also have a negative impact on the number of viewers actually watching the programs on our programming networks, which could also impact the rates we are able to charge advertisers.
Furthermore, world-wide financial instability may affect our ability to penetrate new markets. Because our networks are highly distributed in the U.S., our ability to expand the scope of our operations internationally is important to the continued growth of our business. Our inability to negotiate favorable affiliation agreements with foreign distributors or to secure advertisers for those markets could negatively affect our results of operations.

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Because a limited number of distributors account for a large portion of our business, the loss of any significant distributor would adversely affect our revenues.
Our programming networks depend upon agreements with a limited number of cable television system operators and other multichannel video programming distributors. In 2012, Comcast and DirecTV each accounted for approximately 10% or more of our consolidated revenues, net. The loss of any significant distributor would have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations.
In addition, we have in some instances made upfront payments to distributors in exchange for additional subscribers or have agreed to waive or accept lower affiliation fees if certain numbers of additional subscribers are provided. We also may help fund our distributors' efforts to market our programming networks or we may permit distributors to offer promotional periods without payment of subscriber fees. As we continue our efforts to add viewing subscribers, our net revenues may be negatively affected by these deferred carriage fee arrangements, discounted subscriber fees or other payments.
Failure to renew our programming networks’ affiliation agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms, or the termination of those agreements could have a material adverse effect on our business.
Currently our programming networks have affiliation agreements that have staggered expiration dates through 2021. Failure to renew these affiliation agreements, or renewal on less favorable terms, or the termination of those agreements could have a material adverse effect on our business. A reduced distribution of our programming networks would adversely affect our affiliation fee revenue, and impact our ability to sell advertising or the rates we charge for such advertising. Even if affiliation agreements are renewed, we cannot assure you that the renewal rates will equal or exceed the rates that we currently charge these distributors.
Furthermore, the largest multichannel video programming distributors have significant leverage in their relationship with programming networks. The two largest cable distributors provide service to approximately 34% of U.S. households receiving multichannel video programming distribution, while the two largest DBS distributors provide service to an additional 34% of such households. Further consolidation among multichannel video programming distributors could increase this leverage.
In some cases, if a distributor is acquired, the affiliation agreement of the acquiring distributor will govern following the acquisition. In those circumstances, the acquisition of a distributor that is party to one or more affiliation agreements with our programming networks on terms that are more favorable to us could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.
We are subject to intense competition, which may have a negative effect on our profitability or on our ability to expand our business.
The cable programming industry is highly competitive. Our programming networks compete with other programming networks and other types of video programming services for marketing and distribution by cable and other multichannel video programming distribution systems. In distributing a programming network, we face competition with other providers of programming networks for the right to be carried by a particular cable or other multichannel video programming distribution system and for the right to be carried by such system on a particular “tier” of service.
Certain programming networks affiliated with broadcast networks like NBC, ABC, CBS or Fox may have a competitive advantage over our programming networks in obtaining distribution through the “bundling” of carriage agreements for such programming networks with a distributor's right to carry the affiliated broadcasting network. In addition, our ability to compete with certain programming networks for distribution may be hampered because the cable television or other multichannel video programming distributors through which we seek distribution may be affiliated with these programming networks. Because such distributors may have a substantial number of subscribers, the ability of such programming networks to obtain distribution on the systems of affiliated distributors may lead to increased affiliation and advertising revenue for such programming networks because of their increased penetration compared to our programming networks. Even if the affiliated distributors carry our programming networks, they may place their affiliated programming network on a more desirable tier, thereby giving their affiliated programming network a competitive advantage over our own.
In addition to competition for distribution, we also face intense competition for viewing audiences with other cable and broadcast programming networks, home video products and Internet-based video content providers, some of which are part of large diversified entertainment or media companies that have substantially greater resources than us. To the extent that our viewing audiences are eroded by competition with these other sources of programming content, our ratings would decline, negatively affecting advertising revenues, and we may face difficulty renewing affiliation agreements with distributors on acceptable terms, which could cause affiliation fee revenues to decline. In addition, competition for advertisers with these content providers, as well as with other forms of media (including print media, Internet websites and radio), could affect the amount we are able to charge for advertising time on our programming networks, and therefore our advertising revenues.

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An important part of our strategy involves exploiting identified markets of the cable television viewing audience that are generally well defined and limited in size. Our programming networks have faced and will continue to face increasing competition obtaining distribution and attracting advertisers as other programming networks seek to serve the same or similar markets.
Our programming networks’ success depends upon the availability of programming that is adequate in quantity and quality, and we may be unable to secure or maintain such programming.
Our programming networks' success depends upon the availability of quality programming, particularly original programming and films, that is suitable for our target markets. While we produce some of our original programming, we obtain most of the programming on our networks (including original programming, films and other acquired programming) through agreements with third parties that have produced or control the rights to such programming. These agreements expire at varying times and may be terminated by the other parties if we are not in compliance with their terms.
We compete with other programming networks to secure desired programming. Competition for programming has increased as the number of programming networks has increased. Other programming networks that are affiliated with programming sources such as movie or television studios or film libraries may have a competitive advantage over us in this area. In addition to other cable programming networks, we also compete for programming with national broadcast television networks, local broadcast television stations, video-on-demand services and Internet-based content delivery services, such as Netflix, iTunes, Hulu and Amazon. Some of these competitors have exclusive contracts with motion picture studios or independent motion picture distributors or own film libraries.
We cannot assure you that we will ultimately be successful in negotiating renewals of our programming rights agreements or in negotiating adequate substitute agreements in the event that these agreements expire or are terminated.
Our programming networks have entered into long-term programming acquisition contracts that require substantial payments over long periods of time, even if we do not use such programming to generate revenues.
Our programming networks have entered into numerous contracts relating to the acquisition of programming, including rights agreements with film companies. These contracts typically require substantial payments over extended periods of time. We must make the required payments under these contracts even if we do not use the programming.
Increased programming costs may adversely affect our profits.
We incur costs for the creative talent, including actors, writers and producers, who create our original programming. Some of our original programming has achieved significant popularity and critical acclaim, which has increased and could continue to increase the costs of such programming in the future. An increase in the costs of programming may lead to decreased profitability or otherwise adversely affect our business.
We may not be able to adapt to new content distribution platforms and to changes in consumer behavior resulting from these new technologies, which may adversely affect our business.
We must successfully adapt to technological advances in our industry, including the emergence of alternative distribution platforms. Our ability to exploit new distribution platforms and viewing technologies will affect our ability to maintain or grow our business. Emerging forms of content distribution may provide different economic models and compete with current distribution methods in ways that are not entirely predictable. Such competition could reduce demand for our traditional television offerings or for the offerings of digital distributors and reduce our revenue from these sources. Accordingly, we must adapt to changing consumer behavior driven by advances such as digital video recorders, video-on-demand, Internet-based content delivery and mobile devices. Such changes may impact the revenues we are able to generate from our traditional distribution methods, either by decreasing the viewership of our programming networks on cable and other multichannel video programming distribution systems or by making advertising on our programming networks less valuable to advertisers. If we fail to adapt our distribution methods and content to emerging technologies, our appeal to our targeted audiences might decline and there could be a negative effect on our business. In addition, advertising revenues could be significantly impacted by emerging technologies, since advertising sales are dependent on audience measurement provided by third parties, and the results of audience measurement techniques can vary independent of the size of the audience for a variety of reasons, including difficulties related to the employed statistical sampling methods, new distribution platforms and viewing technologies, and the shifting of the marketplace to the use of measurement of different viewer behaviors, such as delayed viewing.
We face risks from doing business internationally.
We distribute our programming outside the United States. As a result, our business is subject to certain risks inherent in international business, many of which are beyond our control. These risks include:
laws and policies affecting trade and taxes, including laws and policies relating to the repatriation of funds and withholding taxes, and changes in these laws;
changes in local regulatory requirements, including restrictions on content;

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differing degrees of protection for intellectual property;
the instability of foreign economies and governments;
fluctuating foreign exchange rates;
war and acts of terrorism;
anti-corruption laws and regulations such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the U.K. Bribery Act that impose stringent requirements on how we conduct our foreign operations and changes in these laws and regulations;
foreign privacy and data protection laws and regulation and changes in these laws;
varying attitudes towards the piracy of intellectual property; and
shifting consumer preferences regarding the viewing of video programming.
Events or developments related to these and other risks associated with international trade could adversely affect our revenues from non-U.S. sources, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results, liquidity and prospects.
Our business is limited by regulatory constraints, both domestic and foreign, which may adversely impact our operations.
Although most aspects of our business generally are not directly regulated by the FCC, under the Communications Act of 1934, there are certain FCC regulations that govern our business either directly or indirectly. See Item 1, “Business—Regulation” in this Annual Report. Furthermore, to the extent that regulations and laws, either presently in force or proposed, hinder or stimulate the growth of the cable television and satellite industries, our business will be affected.
The United States Congress and the FCC currently have under consideration, and may in the future adopt, new laws, regulations and policies regarding a wide variety of matters that could, directly or indirectly, affect our operations.
The regulation of cable television services, satellite carriers, and other multichannel video programming distributors is subject to the political process and has been in constant flux over the past two decades. Further material changes in the law and regulatory requirements must be anticipated. We cannot assure you that our business will not be adversely affected by future legislation, new regulation or deregulation.
An important aspect of our growth strategy involves the expansion of our programming networks and brands into markets outside the United States. The distribution of our programming networks in foreign markets is subject to laws and regulations specific to those countries. Changes in laws and regulations of foreign jurisdictions could adversely affect our business and ability to access new foreign markets.
Theft of our content, including digital copyright theft and other unauthorized exhibitions of our content, may decrease revenue received from our programming and adversely affect our businesses and profitability.
The success of our businesses depends in part on our ability to maintain and monetize our intellectual property rights to our entertainment content. We are fundamentally a content company and theft of our brands, television programming, digital content and other intellectual property has the potential to significantly affect us and the value of our content. Copyright theft is particularly prevalent in many parts of the world that lack effective copyright and technical protective measures similar to those existing in the United States or that lack effective enforcement of such measures. The interpretation of copyright, privacy and other laws as applied to our content, and piracy detection and enforcement efforts, remain in flux. The failure to strengthen, or the weakening of, existing intellectual property laws could make it more difficult for us to adequately protect our intellectual property and negatively affect its value.
Content theft has been made easier by the wide availability of higher bandwidth and reduced storage costs, as well as tools that undermine security features such as encryption and the ability of pirates to cloak their identities online. In addition, we and our numerous production and distribution partners operate various technology systems in connection with the production and distribution of our programming, and intentional or unintentional acts could result in unauthorized access to our content, a disruption of our services, or improper disclosure of confidential information. The increasing use of digital formats and technologies heightens this risk. Unauthorized access to our content could result in the premature release of television shows, which is likely to have a significant adverse effect on the value of the affected programming.

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Copyright theft has an adverse effect on our business because it reduces the revenue that we are able to receive from the legitimate sale and distribution of our content, undermines lawful distribution channels and inhibits our ability to recoup or profit from the costs incurred to create such works. Efforts to prevent the unauthorized distribution, performance and copying of our content may affect our profitability and may not be successful in preventing harm to our business.
Protection of electronically stored data is costly and if our data is compromised in spite of this protection, we may incur additional costs, lost opportunities and damage to our reputation.
We maintain information in digital form as necessary to conduct our business, including confidential and proprietary information regarding our distributors, advertisers, viewers and employees as well as personal information. Data maintained in digital form is subject to the risk of intrusion, tampering and theft. We develop and maintain systems to prevent this from occurring, but the development and maintenance of these systems is costly and requires ongoing monitoring and updating as technologies change and efforts to overcome security measures become more sophisticated. Moreover, despite our efforts, the possibility of intrusion, tampering and theft cannot be eliminated entirely, and risks associated with each of these remain. In addition, we provide confidential, proprietary and personal information to third parties when it is necessary to pursue business objectives. While we obtain assurances that these third parties will protect this information and, where appropriate, monitor the protections employed by these third parties, there is a risk the confidentiality of data held by third parties may be compromised. If our data systems are compromised, our ability to conduct our business may be impaired, we may lose profitable opportunities or the value of those opportunities may be diminished and, as described above, we may lose revenue as a result of unlicensed use of our intellectual property. Further, a penetration of our network security or other misappropriation or misuse of personal consumer or employee information could subject us to business, litigation and reputation risk, which could have a negative effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If our technology facility fails or its operations are disrupted, our performance could be hindered.
Our programming is transmitted by our subsidiary, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology. AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology uses its technology facility for a variety of purposes, including signal processing, program editing, promotions, creation of programming segments to fill short gaps between featured programs, quality control, and live and recorded playback. Like other facilities, this facility is subject to interruption from fire, lightning, adverse weather conditions and other natural causes. Equipment failure, employee misconduct or outside interference could also disrupt the facility's services. Although we have an arrangement with a third party to re-broadcast the previous 48 hours of our networks' programming in the event of a disruption, we currently do not have a backup operations facility for our programming.
In addition, we rely on third-party satellites in order to transmit our programming signals to our distributors. As with all satellites, there is a risk that the satellites we use will be damaged as a result of natural or man-made causes, or will otherwise fail to operate properly. Although we maintain in-orbit protection providing us with back-up satellite transmission facilities should our primary satellites fail, there can be no assurance that such back-up transmission facilities will be effective or will not themselves fail.
Any significant interruption at AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology's facility affecting the distribution of our programming, or any failure in satellite transmission of our programming signals, could have an adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition.
The loss of any of our key personnel and artistic talent could adversely affect our business.
We believe that our future success will depend to a significant extent upon the performance of our senior executives. We generally do not maintain “key man” insurance. In addition, we depend on the availability of third-party production companies to create our original programming.  Some of the writers employed by one of our subsidiaries and some of the employees of third party production companies that create our original programming are subject to collective bargaining agreements. Any labor disputes or a strike by one or more unions representing our subsidiary's writers or employees of third-party production companies who are essential to our original programming could have a material adverse effect on our original programming and on our business as a whole. The loss of any significant personnel or artistic talent, or our artistic talent losing their audience base, could also have a material adverse effect on our business.
Our substantial debt and high leverage could adversely affect our business.
We have a significant amount of debt. As of December 31, 2012, we have $2,180 million principal amount of total debt (excluding capital leases), $880 million of which is senior secured debt under our Credit Facility and $1,300 million of which is senior unsecured debt.
Our ability to make payments on, or repay or refinance, our debt, and to fund planned distributions and capital expenditures, will depend largely upon our future operating performance. Our future performance, to a certain extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, regulatory and other factors that are beyond our control. In addition, our ability to borrow funds in the future to make payments on our debt will depend on the satisfaction of the covenants in the Credit Facility and our other

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debt agreements, including the 7.75% Notes Indenture, the 4.75% Notes Indenture and other agreements we may enter into in the future.
Our substantial amount of debt could have important consequences. For example, it could:
• increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
• require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to make interest and principal payments on our debt, thereby limiting the availability of our cash flow to fund future programming investments, capital expenditures, working capital, business activities and other general corporate requirements;
• limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate;
• place us at a competitive disadvantage compared with our competitors; and
• limit our ability to borrow additional funds, even when necessary to maintain adequate liquidity.
In the long-term, we do not expect to generate sufficient cash from operations to repay at maturity our outstanding debt obligations. As a result, we will be dependent upon our ability to access the capital and credit markets. Failure to raise significant amounts of funding to repay these obligations at maturity could adversely affect our business. If we are unable to raise such amounts, we would need to take other actions including selling assets, seeking strategic investments from third parties or reducing other discretionary uses of cash. The Credit Facility, the 7.75% Notes Indenture and the 4.75% Notes Indenture will restrict, and market or business conditions may limit, our ability to do some of these things.
A significant portion of our debt bears interest at variable rates. While we have entered into hedging agreements limiting our exposure to higher interest rates, such agreements do not offer complete protection from this risk.
The agreements governing our debt, the Credit Facility, the 7.75% Notes Indenture and the 4.75% Notes Indenture, contain various covenants that impose restrictions on us that may affect our ability to operate our business.
The agreements governing the Credit Facility, the 7.75% Notes Indenture and the 4.75% Notes Indenture contain covenants that, among other things, limit our ability to:
borrow money or guarantee debt;
create liens;
pay dividends on or redeem or repurchase stock;
make specified types of investments;
enter into transactions with affiliates; and
sell assets or merge with other companies.
The Credit Facility requires us to comply with a Cash Flow Ratio and an Interest Coverage Ratio, each as defined in Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Debt Financing Agreements.”
Various risks, uncertainties and events beyond our control could affect our ability to comply with these covenants and maintain these financial ratios. Failure to comply with any of the covenants in our existing or future financing agreements could result in a default under those agreements and under other agreements containing cross-default provisions. A default would permit lenders to accelerate the maturity for the debt under these agreements and to foreclose upon any collateral securing the debt. Under these circumstances, we might not have sufficient funds or other resources to satisfy all of our obligations. In addition, the limitations imposed by financing agreements on our ability to incur additional debt and to take other actions might significantly impair our ability to obtain other financing.
Despite our current levels of debt, we may still be able to incur substantially more debt. This could further exacerbate the risks associated with our substantial debt.
We may be able to incur additional debt in the future. The terms of the Credit Facility, the 7.75% Notes Indenture and the 4.75% Notes Indenture allow us to incur substantial amounts of additional debt, subject to certain limitations. In addition, we may refinance all or a portion of our debt, including borrowings under the Credit Facility, and obtain the ability to incur more debt as a result. If new debt is added to our current debt levels, the related risks we could face would be magnified.

20


A lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to our debt securities by rating agencies may further increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
The debt ratings for our notes are below the “investment grade” category, which results in higher borrowing costs as well as a reduced pool of potential purchasers of our debt as some investors will not purchase debt securities that are not rated in an investment grade rating category. In addition, there can be no assurance that any rating assigned will remain for any given period of time or that a rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency, if in that rating agency's judgment, future circumstances relating to the basis of the rating, such as adverse changes, so warrant. A lowering or withdrawal of a rating may further increase our future borrowing costs and reduce our access to capital.
A significant amount of our book value consists of intangible assets that may not generate cash in the event of a voluntary or involuntary sale.
At December 31, 2012, our consolidated financial statements included approximately $2.6 billion of consolidated total assets, of which approximately $320 million were classified as intangible assets. Intangible assets primarily include affiliation agreements and affiliate relationships, advertiser relationships, trademarks and goodwill. While we believe that the carrying values of our intangible assets are recoverable, you should not assume that we would receive any cash from the voluntary or involuntary sale of these intangible assets, particularly if we were not continuing as an operating business.
We may have a significant indemnity obligation to Cablevision if the Distribution is treated as a taxable transaction.
Prior to the distribution of all of the outstanding common stock of the Company to Cablevision stockholders in the Distribution, Cablevision received a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) to the effect that, among other things, the Distribution, and certain related transactions would qualify for tax-free treatment under the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) to Cablevision, AMC Networks, and holders of Cablevision common stock. Although a private letter ruling from the IRS generally is binding on the IRS, if the factual representations or assumptions made in the letter ruling request were untrue or incomplete in any material respect, Cablevision would not be able to rely on the ruling. Furthermore, the IRS will not rule on whether a distribution satisfies certain requirements necessary to obtain tax-free treatment under the Code. Rather, the ruling was based upon representations by Cablevision that these conditions were satisfied, and any inaccuracy in such representations could invalidate the ruling.
If the Distribution does not qualify for tax-free treatment for United States federal income tax purposes, then, in general, Cablevision would be subject to tax as if it had sold the common stock of our Company in a taxable sale for its fair market value. Cablevision's stockholders would be subject to tax as if they had received a distribution equal to the fair market value of our common stock that was distributed to them, which generally would be treated first as a taxable dividend to the extent of Cablevision's earnings and profits, then as a non-taxable return of capital to the extent of each stockholder's tax basis in his or her Cablevision stock, and thereafter as capital gain with respect to the remaining value. It is expected that the amount of any such taxes to Cablevision's stockholders and Cablevision would be substantial.
As part of the Distribution, we entered into a tax disaffiliation agreement with Cablevision, which sets out each party's rights and obligations with respect to deficiencies and refunds, if any, of federal, state, local or foreign taxes for periods before and after the Distribution and related matters such as the filing of tax returns and the conduct of IRS and other audits. Pursuant to the tax disaffiliation agreement, we are required to indemnify Cablevision for losses and taxes of Cablevision relating to the Distribution or any related debt exchanges resulting from the breach of certain covenants, including as a result of certain acquisitions of our stock or assets or as a result of modification or repayment of certain related debt in a manner inconsistent with the private letter ruling or letter ruling request. If we are required to indemnify Cablevision under the circumstances set forth in the tax disaffiliation agreement, we may be subject to substantial liabilities, which could have a material negative effect on our business, results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
The tax rules applicable to the Distribution may restrict us from engaging in certain corporate transactions or from raising equity capital beyond certain thresholds for a period of time after June 30, 2011, the date of the Distribution.
To preserve the tax-free treatment of the Distribution to Cablevision and its stockholders, under the Tax Disaffiliation Agreement with Cablevision, for the two-year period following June 30, 2011, the date of the Distribution, we will be subject to restrictions with respect to:
entering into any transaction pursuant to which 50% or more of our equity securities or assets would be acquired, whether by merger or otherwise, unless certain tests are met;
issuing equity securities, if any such issuances would, in the aggregate, constitute 50% or more of the voting power or value of our capital stock;
certain repurchases of our common shares;
ceasing to actively conduct our business;

21


amendments to our organizational documents (i) affecting the relative voting rights of our stock or (ii) converting one class of our stock to another;
liquidating or partially liquidating; and
taking any other action that prevents the Distribution and related transactions from being tax-free.
Furthermore, the tax disaffiliation agreement limits our ability to pre-pay, pay down, redeem, retire, or otherwise acquire the 7.75% Notes or the 4.75% Notes. These restrictions may for a time limit our ability to pursue strategic transactions of a certain magnitude that involve the issuance or acquisition of our stock or engage in new businesses or other transactions that could increase the value of our business. These restrictions may also limit our ability to raise significant amounts of cash through the issuance of stock, especially if our stock price were to suffer substantial declines, or through the sale of certain of our assets.
Our historical financial results as a business segment of Cablevision may not be representative of our results as a separate, stand-alone company.
The historical financial information through June 30, 2011 included in this Annual Report has been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Cablevision and does not necessarily reflect what our financial position, results of operations or cash flows would have been had we operated as a separate, stand-alone company during those periods. Although Cablevision accounted for our Company as a business segment, we were not operated as a separate, stand-alone company for the historical periods through June 30, 2011. The historical costs and expenses through June 30, 2011 reflected in our consolidated financial statements include an allocation for certain corporate functions historically provided by Cablevision, including general corporate expenses and employee benefits and incentives. These allocations were based on what we and Cablevision considered to be reasonable reflections of the historical utilization levels of these services required in support of our business. Prior to its termination on June 30, 2011, our historical costs also included a management fee paid to Cablevision calculated based on certain of our subsidiaries gross revenues (as defined under the terms of the consulting agreement) on a monthly basis. The historical information does not necessarily indicate what our results of operations, financial position, cash flows or costs and expenses will be in the future.
Our ability to operate our business effectively may suffer if we do not, effectively, establish our own financial, administrative and other support functions in order to operate as a separate, stand-alone company, and we cannot assure you that the transition services Cablevision has agreed to provide us will be sufficient for our needs.
Historically, we have relied on financial, administrative and other resources of Cablevision to support the operation of our business. As a result of our separation from Cablevision, we have expanded our financial, administrative and other support systems and contracted with third parties to replace certain of Cablevision’s systems. We also have established our own credit and banking relationships and are performing our own financial and operational functions. Any failure or significant downtime in our own financial or administrative systems or in Cablevision’s financial or administrative systems during the transition period could impact our results or prevent us from performing other administrative services and financial reporting on a timely basis and could materially harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In connection with the Distribution, we rely on Cablevision’s performance under various agreements.
In connection with the Distribution, we entered into various agreements with Cablevision, including a Distribution Agreement, tax disaffiliation agreement, a transition services agreement, an employee matters agreement and certain other related party agreements and arrangements. These agreements govern our relationship with Cablevision subsequent to the Distribution and provide for the allocation of employee benefits, taxes and certain other liabilities and obligations attributable to periods prior to the Distribution. These agreements also include arrangements with respect to transition services and a number of on-going commercial relationships. The Distribution Agreement includes an agreement that we and Cablevision agree to provide each other with indemnities with respect to liabilities arising out of the businesses that were transferred to us by Cablevision. We are also party to other arrangements with Cablevision. We and Cablevision rely on each other to perform each entity’s obligations under these agreements. If Cablevision were to breach or to be unable to satisfy its material obligations under these agreements, including a failure to satisfy its indemnification obligations, we could suffer operational difficulties or significant losses.

22


We are controlled by the Dolan family, which may create certain conflicts of interest and which means certain stockholder decisions can be taken without the consent of the majority of the holders of our Class A Common Stock.
We have two classes of common stock:
Class B Common Stock, which is generally entitled to ten votes per share and is entitled collectively to elect 75% of our Board of Directors, and
Class A Common Stock, which is entitled to one vote per share and is entitled collectively to elect the remaining 25% of our Board of Directors.
As of December 31, 2012, Charles F. Dolan, our Executive Chairman, and the Dolan family, including trusts for the benefit of members of the Dolan family, collectively own all of our Class B Common Stock, less than 2% of our outstanding Class A Common Stock and approximately 66% of the total voting power of all our outstanding common stock. The members of the Dolan family holding Class B Common Stock have entered into a stockholders agreement pursuant to which, among other things, the voting power of the holders of our Class B Common Stock will be cast as a block with respect to all matters to be voted on by holders of Class B Common Stock. The Dolan family is able to prevent a change in control of our Company and no person interested in acquiring us will be able to do so without obtaining the consent of the Dolan family.
Charles F. Dolan, members of his family and certain related family entities, by virtue of their stock ownership, have the power to elect all of our directors subject to election by holders of Class B Common Stock and are able collectively to control stockholder decisions on matters on which holders of all classes of our common stock vote together as a single class. These matters could include the amendment of some provisions of our certificate of incorporation and the approval of fundamental corporate transactions.
In addition, the affirmative vote or consent of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding shares of the Class B Common Stock, voting separately as a class, is required to approve:
the authorization or issuance of any additional shares of Class B Common Stock, and
any amendment, alteration or repeal of any of the provisions of our certificate of incorporation that adversely affects the powers, preferences or rights of the Class B Common Stock.
As a result, Charles F. Dolan, members of his family and certain related family entities also collectively have the power to prevent such issuance or amendment.
We have adopted a written policy whereby an independent committee of our Board of Directors will review and approve or take such other action as it may deem appropriate with respect to certain transactions involving the Company and its subsidiaries, on the one hand, and certain related parties, including Charles F. Dolan and certain of his family members and related entities on the other hand. This policy does not address all possible conflicts which may arise, and there can be no assurance that this policy will be effective in dealing with conflict scenarios.
We are a “controlled company” for NASDAQ purposes, which allows us not to comply with certain of the corporate governance rules of NASDAQ.
Charles F. Dolan, members of his family and certain related family entities have entered into a stockholders agreement relating, among other things, to the voting of their shares of our Class B Common Stock. As a result, we are a “controlled company” under the corporate governance rules of NASDAQ. As a controlled company, we have the right to elect not to comply with the corporate governance rules of NASDAQ requiring: (i) a majority of independent directors on our Board of Directors, (ii) an independent compensation committee and (iii) an independent corporate governance and nominating committee. Our Board of Directors has elected for the Company to be treated as a “controlled company” under NASDAQ corporate governance rules and not to comply with the NASDAQ requirement for a majority independent board of directors and an independent corporate governance and nominating committee because of our status as a controlled company. For purposes of this agreement, the term “independent directors” means the directors of the Company who have been determined by our Board of Directors to be independent directors for purposes of NASDAQ corporate governance standards.
Future stock sales, including as a result of the exercising of registration rights by certain of our shareholders, could adversely affect the trading price of our Class A Common Stock.
Certain parties have registration rights covering a portion of our shares. We have entered into registration rights agreements with Charles F. Dolan, members of his family, certain Dolan family interests and the Dolan Family Foundations that provide them with “demand” and “piggyback” registration rights with respect to approximately 13.4 million shares of Class A Common Stock, including shares issuable upon conversion of shares of Class B Common Stock. Sales of a substantial number of shares of Class A Common Stock could adversely affect the market price of the Class A Common Stock and could impair our future ability to raise capital through an offering of our equity securities.

23


We share a senior executive and certain directors with Cablevision and The Madison Square Garden Company, which may give rise to conflicts.
Our Executive Chairman, Charles F. Dolan, also serves as the Chairman of Cablevision. As a result, a senior executive officer of the Company will not be devoting his full time and attention to the Company’s affairs. In addition, eight members of our Board of Directors are also directors of Cablevision and seven members of our Board are also directors of The Madison Square Garden Company (“MSG”), an affiliate of Cablevision and the Company. These directors may have actual or apparent conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving or affecting each company. For example, the potential for a conflict of interest exists when we on one hand, and Cablevision or MSG on the other hand, consider acquisitions and other corporate opportunities that may be suitable for us and either or both of them. Also, conflicts may arise if there are issues or disputes under the commercial arrangements that exist between Cablevision or MSG and us. In addition, certain of our directors and officers, including Charles F. Dolan, own Cablevision or MSG stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase, and stock appreciation rights in respect of, Cablevision or MSG stock, as well as cash performance awards with any payout based on Cablevision’s or MSG’s performance. These ownership interests could create actual, apparent or potential conflicts of interest when these individuals are faced with decisions that could have different implications for our Company, Cablevision or MSG. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions—Certain Relationships and Potential Conflicts of Interest” in our proxy statement filed with the SEC on April 24, 2012 for a description of our related party transaction approval policy that we have adopted to help address such potential conflicts that may arise.
Our overlapping directors and executive officer with Cablevision and MSG may result in the diversion of corporate opportunities to and other conflicts with Cablevision or MSG and provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation may provide us no remedy in that circumstance.
The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation acknowledges that directors and officers of the Company may also be serving as directors, officers, employees, consultants or agents of Cablevision and its subsidiaries or MSG and its subsidiaries and that the Company may engage in material business transactions with such entities. The Company has renounced its rights to certain business opportunities and the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that no director or officer of the Company who is also serving as a director, officer, employee, consultant or agent of Cablevision and its subsidiaries or MSG and its subsidiaries will be liable to the Company or its stockholders for breach of any fiduciary duty that would otherwise exist by reason of the fact that any such individual directs a corporate opportunity (other than certain limited types of opportunities set forth in our certificate of incorporation) to Cablevision or any of its subsidiaries or MSG or any of its subsidiaries instead of the Company, or does not refer or communicate information regarding such corporate opportunities to the Company. These provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation also expressly validates certain contracts, agreements, assignments and transactions (and amendments, modifications or terminations thereof) between the Company and Cablevision or any of its subsidiaries or MSG or any of its subsidiaries and, to the fullest extent permitted by law, provide that the actions of the overlapping directors or officers in connection therewith are not breaches of fiduciary duties owed to the Company, any of its subsidiaries or their respective stockholders.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
Item 2. Properties.
We currently use approximately 239,000 square feet of office space that we lease at 11 Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10001, under lease arrangements with remaining terms of up to eight years. We use this space as our corporate headquarters and as the principal business location of our Company. We also lease approximately 60,000 square-feet of space for our broadcasting and technology center in Bethpage, New York under a lease arrangement with a remaining term of seven years, from which AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology conducts its operations. In addition, we lease other properties in New York, California, Illinois, Georgia and Michigan.
We believe our properties are adequate for our use.

24


Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
DISH Network Contract Dispute
In 2005, subsidiaries of the Company entered into agreements with EchoStar Communications Corporation and its affiliates by which EchoStar Media Holdings Corporation acquired a 20% interest in VOOM HD and EchoStar Satellite LLC (the predecessor to DISH Network, LLC (“DISH Network”)) agreed to distribute VOOM on DISH Network for a 15-year term. The affiliation agreement with DISH Network for such distribution provided that if VOOM HD failed to spend $100 million per year (subject to reduction to the extent that the number of offered channels was reduced to fewer than 21), up to a maximum of $500 million in the aggregate, on VOOM, DISH Network could seek to terminate the agreement under certain circumstances. On January 30, 2008, DISH Network purported to terminate the affiliation agreement, effective February 1, 2008, based on its assertion that VOOM HD had failed to comply with this spending provision in 2006. On January 31, 2008, VOOM HD sought and obtained a temporary restraining order from the New York Supreme Court for New York County prohibiting DISH Network from terminating the affiliation agreement. In conjunction with its request for a temporary restraining order, VOOM HD also requested a preliminary injunction and filed a lawsuit against DISH Network asserting that DISH Network did not have the right to terminate the affiliation agreement. In a decision filed on May 5, 2008, the court denied VOOM HD’s motion for a preliminary injunction. On or about May 13, 2008, DISH Network ceased distribution of VOOM on its DISH Network. On May 27, 2008, VOOM HD amended its complaint to seek damages for DISH Network’s improper termination of the affiliation agreement. On June 24, 2008, DISH Network answered VOOM HD’s amended complaint and asserted counterclaims alleging breach of contract and breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing with respect to the affiliation agreement. On July 14, 2008, VOOM HD replied to DISH Network’s counterclaims. VOOM HD and DISH Network each filed cross-motions for summary judgment. In November 2010, the court denied both parties’ cross-motions for summary judgment but granted VOOM HD’s motion for sanctions based on DISH Network’s spoliation of evidence as well as its motion to exclude DISH Network’s principal damages expert. DISH Network appealed these latter two rulings. On January 31, 2012, the Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court issued a decision affirming (i) the trial court’s finding of spoliation and imposition of the sanction of an adverse inference at trial; and (ii) the trial court’s decision to exclude DISH Network’s damages expert. On February 6, 2012, DISH Network filed a motion seeking leave from the Appellate Division to appeal the order. On April 26, 2012, the Appellate Division denied DISH Network’s motion, thereby precluding any further appeal of the trial court rulings. The stay of the pending trial court proceedings was lifted on May 1, 2012. A trial before the New York State Supreme Court began on September 28, 2012.
On October 21, 2012, VOOM HD and CSC Holdings, LLC ("CSC Holdings"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Cablevision, entered into a confidential settlement agreement and release (the “Settlement Agreement”) with DISH Network, and for certain limited purposes, MSG Holdings, L.P., The Madison Square Garden Company and EchoStar Corporation, to settle the litigation between VOOM HD and DISH Network. On October 24, 2012, VOOM HD and DISH Network filed a stipulation of discontinuance with prejudice with the New York State Supreme Court with respect to the litigation.
The principal terms of the Settlement Agreement are as follows: 1) DISH Network paid $700 million to an account for the benefit of Cablevision and the Company; 2) Cablevision agreed to sell its multichannel video and data distribution service spectrum licenses in the U.S. to DISH Network; 3) simultaneously with the execution of the Settlement Agreement, DISH Network entered into a long-term affiliation agreement with AMC Network Entertainment LLC, WE: Women's Entertainment LLC, The Independent Film Channel LLC, Sundance Channel L.L.C. and Fuse Network LLC, a subsidiary of The Madison Square Garden Company, that provided for resumption of carriage of all of the Company's networks by no later than November 1, 2012; and 4) an affiliate of DISH Network agreed to convey its 20% membership interest in VOOM HD to Rainbow Programming Holdings LLC ("Rainbow Programming Holdings"), a wholly owned subsidiary of AMC Networks.
In connection with the Distribution, AMC Networks and Rainbow Programming Holdings (collectively, the “AMC Parties”) and CSC Holdings entered into an agreement (the “VOOM Litigation Agreement”), which provides that, CSC Holdings had full control over the litigation with DISH Network and the decision with respect to settlement was to be made jointly by CSC Holdings and the AMC Parties. In addition, the VOOM Litigation Agreement provides that CSC Holdings and the AMC Parties will share equally in the proceeds (including in the value of any non-cash consideration) of the settlement in the litigation with DISH Network. The AMC Parties were responsible for the legal fees and costs until such costs reached an agreed upon threshold, which occurred in the third quarter of 2012, subsequent to which CSC Holdings and the AMC Parties bear such fees and expenses equally.
The allocation of the settlement proceeds between the AMC Parties and CSC Holdings will be determined pursuant to the VOOM Litigation Agreement. The AMC Parties and CSC Holdings agreed that, pending a determination of the allocation of the settlement proceeds, $350 million of the cash proceeds would be distributed to each of the Company and Cablevision. Accordingly, the portion disbursed to the Company is included in cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2012. The final amount to be allocated to the Company is yet to be determined and may be significantly less than $350 million.
As the Settlement Agreement and the long-term affiliation agreement entered into on October 21, 2012 represent a multiple-element arrangement that includes elements other than revenue, and there is vendor-specific objective evidence of the fair value of the long-term affiliation agreement, which is the only undelivered element of the arrangement, the Company determined that

25


the residual method of accounting is the most appropriate method to allocate the consideration among the disparate elements of the arrangement. Accordingly, at October 21, 2012, the fair value of the affiliation agreement must be deferred and recognized as revenue as the programming services are provided.
Based on the Company's fair value assessment of the affiliation agreement, the affiliation fees payable by DISH Network to the Company from the effective date of the affiliation agreement of October 21, 2012 through December 31, 2013 are below fair value by approximately $31 million and the affiliation fees payable by DISH Network over the remaining term of the affiliation agreement represent fair value. As a result, the Company recorded the $31 million excess of the fair value of the affiliation agreement over the contractual affiliation fees as deferred revenue on October 21, 2012, of which approximately $5 million was recognized as revenue during 2012 as the programming services were provided. The remaining $26 million is included in deferred revenue in the December 31, 2012 consolidated balance sheet and will be recognized ratably over 2013 as the programming services are provided.
Deferred litigation settlement proceeds of $308 million is recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2012, which is the result of the $350 million temporary allocation of proceeds, less the $31 million of deferred revenue and less an $11 million receivable related to VOOM HD’s previous affiliation agreement with DISH Network. At December 31, 2012, there is no minimum amount of settlement proceeds that the Company is guaranteed. As a result, no litigation settlement gain, if any, was recognized in 2012 and such gain, if any, which could be material, will not be recognized until realized following the final resolution of the allocation of the settlement proceeds.
Other Legal Matters
On April 15, 2011, Thomas C. Dolan, a director of the Company and Executive Vice President, Strategy and Development, in the Office of the Chairman and a director of Cablevision, filed a lawsuit against Cablevision and RMH in New York Supreme Court. The lawsuit raises compensation-related claims (seeking approximately $11 million) related to events in 2005. The matter is being handled under the direction of an independent committee of the board of directors of Cablevision. In connection with the Distribution Agreement, Cablevision indemnified the Company and RMH against any liabilities and expenses related to this lawsuit. Based on the indemnification and Cablevision’s and the Company’s assessment of this possible loss contingency, no provision has been made for this matter in the consolidated financial statements.
In addition to the matters discussed above, the Company is party to various lawsuits and claims in the ordinary course of business. Although the outcome of these other matters cannot be predicted with certainty and the impact of the final resolution of these other matters on the Company’s results of operations in a particular subsequent reporting period is not known, management does not believe that the resolution of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the financial position of the Company or the ability of the Company to meet its financial obligations as they become due.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Our Class A Common Stock is listed on The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “AMCX.” Our Class B Common Stock is not listed on any exchange. Our Class A Common Stock began trading on NASDAQ on July 1, 2011.
Performance Graph
The following graph compares the performance of the Company’s Class A Common Stock with the performance of the S&P Mid-Cap 400 Index and a peer group (the “Peer Group Index”) by measuring the changes in our Class A Common Stock prices from July 1, 2011, the first day our Class A Common Stock began regular-way trading on NASDAQ, through December 31, 2012. Because no published index of comparable media companies currently reports values on a dividends-reinvested basis, the Company has created a Peer Group Index for purposes of this graph in accordance with the requirements of the SEC. The Peer Group Index is made up of companies that engage in cable television programming as a significant element of their business, although not all of the companies included in the Peer Group Index participate in all of the lines of business in which the Company is engaged, and some of the companies included in the Peer Group Index also engage in lines of business in which the Company does not participate. Additionally, the market capitalizations of many of the companies included in the Peer Group are quite different from that of the Company. The common stocks of the following companies have been included in the Peer Group Index: Discovery Communications Inc., the Walt Disney Company, News Corporation, Scripps Networks Interactive Inc., Time Warner Inc. and Viacom Inc. The chart assumes $100 was invested on July 1, 2011 in each of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, the S&P Mid-Cap 400 Index and in a peer group weighted by market capitalization.

26


  
 
Base
Period
7/01/11
 
INDEXED RETURNS
Quarter Ending
Company Name / Index
 
9/30/11
 
12/31/11
 
3/31/12
 
6/30/12
 
9/30/12
 
12/31/12
AMC Networks Inc.
 
100
 
80.18

 
94.30

 
111.99

 
89.21

 
109.21

 
124.22

S&P MidCap 400 Index
 
100
 
78.80

 
89.03

 
101.04

 
96.06

 
101.29

 
104.94

Peer Group
 
100
 
79.97

 
96.05

 
107.51

 
116.61

 
129.55

 
130.70

This performance graph shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) or incorporated by reference into any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.
As of February 19, 2013 there were 1,022 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock and 34 holders of record of our Class B Common Stock. We did not pay any cash dividend on our common stock during 2012 and do not expect to pay a cash dividend on our common stock for the foreseeable future. Our Credit Facility, the 7.75% Notes Indenture and the 4.75% Notes Indenture restrict our ability to declare dividends in certain situations.

27


Price Range of AMC Networks Class A Common Stock
The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the intra-day high and low sales prices per share of the AMCX Class A Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ:
Year Ended December 31, 2012
 
High
 
Low
First Quarter
 
$
46.69

 
$
36.98

Second Quarter
 
$
46.00

 
$
34.78

Third Quarter
 
$
45.09

 
$
35.30

Fourth Quarter
 
$
55.38

 
$
40.75

 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2011
 
High
 
Low
First Quarter
 
N/A

 
N/A

Second Quarter (a)
 
$
44.21

 
$
31.00

Third Quarter
 
$
40.24

 
$
29.66

Fourth Quarter
 
$
37.99

 
$
30.53

________________
 N/A—Not applicable
(a)
AMC Networks Inc. became an independent publicly traded company on June 30, 2011 upon the Distribution by Cablevision to its stockholders of all of the outstanding common stock of AMC Networks Inc. See Item 1, “Business” for discussion of our operating history.
On March 9, 2011, in connection with the incorporation of AMC Networks Inc., CSC Holdings, LLC (“CSC Holdings”), a subsidiary of Cablevision, acquired 1,000 shares of common stock of AMC Networks Inc. for $10.00.
On June 6, 2011, in connection with the Distribution, CSC Holdings acquired 5,000 shares of common stock of AMC Networks Inc. as partial consideration for contributing 100% of the outstanding stock and limited liability company interests in RMH to AMC Networks Inc. On June 28, 2011, pursuant to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the 6,000 shares of common stock outstanding were converted to 57,813,257 shares of Class A Common Stock and 13,534,418 shares of Class B Common Stock.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company did not acquire any of its equity securities.

28


Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
The operating and balance sheet data included in the following selected financial data as of December 31, 2012 and 2011 and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2012, have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company included in this Annual Report. The balance sheet data included in the following selected financial data as of December 31, 2010 and 2009 and the operating data for the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2009 have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company, not included in this Annual Report. The balance sheet data included in the following selected financial data as of December 31, 2008 has been derived from the unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company, not included in this Annual Report. The financial information presented below does not necessarily reflect what our results of operations and financial position would have been through 2011 if we had operated as a separate publicly-traded entity prior to July 1, 2011. The selected financial data below is also not necessarily indicative of results of future operations and should be read in conjunction with Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related notes.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
Operating Data (a):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
1,352,577

 
$
1,187,741

 
$
1,078,300

 
$
973,644

 
$
893,557

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization shown below)
507,436

 
425,961

 
366,093

 
310,365

 
314,960

Selling, general and administrative
396,926

 
335,656

 
328,134

 
313,904

 
302,474

Restructuring (credit) expense (b)
(3
)
 
(240
)
 
(2,218
)
 
5,162

 
46,877

Depreciation and amortization
85,380

 
99,848

 
106,455

 
106,504

 
108,349

 
989,739

 
861,225

 
798,464

 
735,935

 
772,660

Operating income
362,838

 
326,516

 
279,836

 
237,709

 
120,897

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(127,276
)
 
(94,796
)
 
(73,412
)
 
(78,942
)
 
(99,905
)
Other, net
(13,288
)
 
(21,110
)
 
(162
)
 
187

 
(38,836
)
 
(140,564
)
 
(115,906
)
 
(73,574
)
 
(78,755
)
 
(138,741
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
222,274

 
210,610

 
206,262

 
158,954

 
(17,844
)
Income tax expense
(86,058
)
 
(84,248
)
 
(88,073
)
 
(70,407
)
 
(2,732
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
136,216

 
126,362

 
118,189

 
88,547

 
(20,576
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
314

 
92

 
(38,090
)
 
(34,791
)
 
(26,866
)
Net income (loss)
$
136,530

 
$
126,454

 
$
80,099

 
$
53,756

 
$
(47,442
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic (c)
$
1.94

 
$
1.82

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.28

 
$
(0.30
)
Diluted (c)
$
1.89

 
$
1.79

 
$
1.71

 
$
1.28

 
$
(0.30
)
Balance Sheet Data, at period end:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
610,970

 
$
215,836

 
$
79,960

 
$
29,828

 
$
25,480

Total assets
2,618,855

 
2,183,934

 
1,853,896

 
1,934,362

 
1,987,917

Note payable/advances to related parties

 

 

 
190,000

 
190,000

Total debt (including capital leases) (d)
2,168,977

 
2,306,957


1,118,875

 
1,227,711

 
1,343,684

Stockholders’ (deficiency) equity (d)
(882,352
)
 
(1,036,995
)
 
24,831

 
(236,992
)
 
(278,502
)
(a)
We acquired Sundance Channel in June 2008. The results of Sundance Channel’s operations have been included in the consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.
(b)
In December 2008, we decided to discontinue funding the domestic programming business of VOOM HD. In connection with this decision, we recorded restructuring expense (credit) in each of the years from 2008 to 2012.

29


(c)
Common shares assumed to be outstanding during the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 totaled 69,161,000, representing the number of shares of AMC Networks common stock issued to Cablevision shareholders on the Distribution date, and excludes unvested outstanding restricted shares, based on a distribution ratio of one share of AMC Networks common stock for every four shares of Cablevision common stock outstanding.
(d)
As part of the Distribution, we incurred $2,425,000 of debt (the “Distribution Debt”), consisting of $1,725,000 aggregate principal amount of senior secured term loans and $700,000 aggregate principal amount of 7.75% senior unsecured notes. Approximately $1,063,000 of the proceeds of the Distribution Debt was used to repay all pre-Distribution outstanding Company debt (excluding capital leases), including principal and accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repayment, and, as partial consideration for Cablevision’s contribution of the membership interests in RMH to the Company, $1,250,000, net of discount, of Distribution Debt was issued to CSC Holdings, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cablevision, which is reflected as a deemed capital distribution in the consolidated statement of stockholders’ deficiency for the year ended December 31, 2011. See Note 1 to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
  

30


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains statements that constitute forward-looking information within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations there are statements concerning our future operating results and future financial performance. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “potential,” “continue,” “intends,” “plans” and similar words and terms used in the discussion of future operating results and future financial performance identify forward-looking statements. You are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results and involve risks and uncertainties and that actual results or developments may differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that may cause such differences to occur include, but are not limited to:
•    the level of our revenues;
•    market demand for new programming services;
•    demand for advertising inventory;
the demand for our programming among cable and other multichannel video programming distributors and our ability to maintain and renew affiliation agreements with multichannel video programming distributors;
the cost of, and our ability to obtain or produce, desirable programming content for our networks and film distribution businesses;
market demand for our services internationally and for our film distribution business, and our ability to profitably provide those services;
•    the security of our program rights and other electronic data;
•    the loss of any of our key personnel and artistic talent;
•    the highly competitive nature of the cable programming industry;
•    changes in both domestic and foreign laws or regulations under which we operate;
the outcome of litigation and other proceedings, including the matters described in Note 11, Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying consolidated financial statements;
•    general economic conditions in the areas in which we operate;
•    our substantial debt and high leverage;
•    reduced access to capital markets or significant increases in costs to borrow;
•    the level of our expenses;
•    the level of our capital expenditures;
•    future acquisitions and dispositions of assets;
•    whether pending uncompleted transactions, if any, are completed on the terms and at the times set forth (if at all);
•    other risks and uncertainties inherent in our programming businesses;
•    financial community and rating agency perceptions of our business, operations, financial condition and the industry in which we operate, and the additional factors described herein,
timing and amount of the allocation of the proceeds from the settlement with DISH Network L.L.C. (“DISH Network”), as described in Note 11, Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying consolidated financial statements; and
the factors described under Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report.
We disclaim any obligation to update or revise the forward-looking statements contained herein, except as otherwise required by applicable federal securities laws.
All dollar amounts and subscriber data included in the following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are presented in thousands.

31


Introduction
Management’s discussion and analysis, or MD&A, of our results of operations and financial condition is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere herein to enhance the understanding of our financial condition, changes in financial condition and results of our operations. Our MD&A is organized as follows:
Business Overview. This section provides a general description of our business and our reportable segments, as well as other matters that we believe are important in understanding our results of operations and financial condition and in anticipating future trends.
Consolidated Results of Operations. This section provides an analysis of our results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010. Our discussion is presented on both a consolidated and segment basis. Our two segments are: (i) National Networks and (ii) International and Other.
Liquidity and Capital Resources. This section provides a discussion of our financial condition as of December 31, 2012 as well as an analysis of our cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010. The discussion of our financial condition and liquidity includes summaries of (i) our primary sources of liquidity and (ii) our contractual obligations and off balance sheet arrangements that existed at December 31, 2012.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. This section provides a discussion of our accounting policies considered to be important to an understanding of our financial condition and results of operations, and which require significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in their application.
Business Overview
We manage our business through the following two reportable segments:
National Networks: Includes four nationally distributed programming networks: AMC, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel. These programming networks are distributed throughout the United States via multichannel video programming distributors;
International and Other: Principally includes AMC/Sundance Channel Global, our international programming business; IFC Films, our independent film distribution business; and AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology, our network technical services business, which primarily services the programming networks of the Company. AMC and Sundance Channel are distributed in Canada and Sundance Channel and WE tv are distributed in other countries throughout Europe and Asia. The International and Other reportable segment also includes VOOM HD, which we are winding down, and which continues to sell certain limited amounts of programming through program license agreements.
The tables presented below set forth our consolidated revenues, net, operating income (loss) and AOCF, defined below, for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Revenues, net
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
1,254,186

 
$
1,082,358

 
$
994,573

International and Other
114,541

 
125,573

 
104,499

Inter-segment eliminations
(16,150
)
 
(20,190
)
 
(20,772
)
Consolidated revenues, net
$
1,352,577

 
$
1,187,741

 
$
1,078,300

Operating income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
408,117

 
$
349,272

 
$
312,525

International and Other
(48,607
)
 
(21,890
)
 
(29,603
)
Inter-segment eliminations
3,328

 
(866
)
 
(3,086
)
Consolidated operating income
$
362,838

 
$
326,516

 
$
279,836

AOCF (deficit)
 
 
 
 
 
National Networks
$
492,129

 
$
447,555

 
$
419,051

International and Other
(30,040
)
 
(4,976
)
 
(14,686
)
Inter-segment eliminations
3,328

 
(866
)
 
(3,086
)
Consolidated AOCF
$
465,417

 
$
441,713

 
$
401,279


32


We evaluate segment performance based on several factors, of which the primary financial measure is business segment AOCF. We define AOCF, which is a financial measure that is not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), as operating income (loss) before depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation expense or benefit and restructuring expense or credit.
We believe that AOCF is an appropriate measure for evaluating the operating performance on both a business segment and consolidated basis. AOCF and similar measures with similar titles are common performance measures used by investors, analysts and peers to compare performance in the industry.
Internally, we use revenues, net and AOCF measures as the most important indicators of our business performance, and evaluate management’s effectiveness with specific reference to these indicators. AOCF should be viewed as a supplement to and not a substitute for operating income (loss), net income (loss), cash flows from operating activities and other measures of performance and/or liquidity presented in accordance with GAAP. Since AOCF is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP, this measure may not be comparable to similar measures with similar titles used by other companies.
The following is a reconciliation of consolidated operating income to AOCF for the periods indicated:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
Operating income
$
362,838

 
$
326,516

 
$
279,836

Share-based compensation expense
17,202

 
15,589

 
17,206

Restructuring credit
(3
)
 
(240
)
 
(2,218
)
Depreciation and amortization
85,380

 
99,848

 
106,455

AOCF
$
465,417

 
$
441,713

 
$
401,279

National Networks
In our National Networks segment, which accounted for 93% of our consolidated revenues for the year ended December 31, 2012, we earn revenue principally from the distribution of our programming and the sale of advertising. Distribution revenue primarily includes affiliation fees paid by distributors to carry our programming networks and the licensing of original programming for digital, foreign and home video distribution. Affiliation fees paid by distributors represents the largest component of distribution revenue. Our affiliation fee revenues are generally based on a per subscriber fee under multi-year contracts, commonly referred to as “affiliation agreements,” which generally provide for annual affiliation rate increases. The specific affiliation fee revenues we earn vary from period to period, distributor to distributor and also vary among our networks, but are generally based upon the number of each distributor’s subscribers who receive our programming, referred to as “viewing subscribers.” The terms of certain other affiliation agreements provide that the affiliation fee revenues we earn are a fixed contractual monthly fee, which could be adjusted for acquisitions and dispositions of multichannel video programming systems by the distributor. Revenue from the licensing of original programming for digital and foreign distribution is recognized upon availability and distribution by the licensee.
Under affiliation agreements with our distributors, we have the right to sell a specified amount of national advertising time on certain of our programming networks. Our advertising revenues are more variable than affiliation fee revenues because the majority of our advertising is sold on a short-term basis, not under long-term contracts. Our advertising arrangements with advertisers provide for a set number of advertising units to air over a specific period of time at a negotiated price per unit. In certain advertising sales arrangements, our programming networks guarantee specified viewer ratings for their programming. If these guaranteed viewer ratings are not met, we are generally required to provide additional advertising units to the advertiser at no charge. For these types of arrangements, a portion of the related revenue is deferred if the guaranteed viewer ratings are not met and is subsequently recognized either when we provide the required additional advertising time, the guarantee obligation contractually expires or performance requirements become remote. Most of our advertising revenues vary based upon the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen. In 2012, our national programming networks had approximately 1,000 advertisers representing companies in a broad range of sectors, including the health, insurance, food, automotive and retail industries. Our AMC, WE tv and IFC programming networks use a traditional advertising sales model, while Sundance Channel principally sells sponsorships. Prior to December 2010, IFC principally sold sponsorships.
Changes in revenue are primarily derived from changes in contractual affiliation rates charged for our services, changes in the number of subscribers, changes in the prices and level of advertising on our networks and changes in the timing of licensing fees earned from the distribution of our original programming. We seek to grow our revenues by increasing the number of viewing subscribers of the distributors that carry our services. We refer to this as our “penetration.” AMC, which is widely distributed, has a more limited ability to increase its penetration than WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel. To the extent not already carried on more widely penetrated service tiers, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel, although carried by all of the larger distributors, have higher growth opportunities due to their current penetration levels with those distributors. WE tv and IFC are currently carried on either

33


expanded basic or digital tiers, while Sundance Channel is currently carried primarily on digital tiers. Therefore, WE tv, IFC and Sundance Channel penetration rates may increase as and to the extent distributors are successful in converting their analog subscribers to digital tiers of service that include those networks. Our revenues may also increase over time through contractual rate increases stipulated in most of our affiliation agreements. In negotiating for increased or extended carriage, we have in some instances made upfront payments in exchange for additional subscribers or extended carriage, which we record as deferred carriage fees and which are amortized as a reduction to revenue over the period of the related affiliation agreements, or agreed to waive for a specified period or accept lower per subscriber fees if certain additional subscribers are provided. We also may help fund the distributors’ efforts to market our channels. We believe that these transactions generate a positive return on investment over the contract period. We seek to increase our advertising revenues by increasing the rates we charge for such advertising, which is directly related to the overall distribution of our programming, penetration of our services and the popularity (including within desirable demographic groups) of our services as measured by Nielsen. Distribution and other revenues in each quarter also vary based on the timing of availability of our programming to distributors.
Our principal goal is to increase our revenues by increasing distribution and penetration of our services, and increasing our ratings. To do this, we must continue to contract for and produce high-quality, attractive programming. As competition for programming increases and alternative distribution technologies continue to emerge and develop in the industry, costs for content acquisition and original programming may increase. There is a concentration of subscribers in the hands of a few distributors, which could create disparate bargaining power between the largest distributors and us by giving those distributors greater leverage in negotiating the price and other terms of affiliation agreements.
Programming expense, included in technical and operating expense, represents the largest expense of the National Networks segment and primarily consists of amortization and impairments or write-offs of programming rights, such as those for original programming, feature films and licensed series. The other components of technical and operating expense primarily include participation and residual costs, distribution and production related costs and program operating costs, such as origination, transmission, uplinking and encryption.
To an increasing extent, the success of our business depends on original programming, both scripted and unscripted, across all of our networks. In recent years, we have introduced a number of scripted original series, primarily on AMC, the majority of which have been commercially successful. These successful series have resulted in higher audience ratings for our networks. Historically, in periods when we air original programming, our ratings have increased. During 2012, AMC aired five scripted original series. This resulted in higher audience ratings for AMC. Among other things, higher audience ratings drive increased revenues through higher advertising revenues. The timing of exhibition and distribution of original programming varies from period to period, which results in greater variability in our revenues, earnings and cash flows from operating activities. During 2013, AMC expects to air six scripted original series.
Scripted original series require us to make up-front investments, which are often significant amounts. Not all of our programming efforts are commercially successful, which could result in a write-off of program rights. If it is determined that programming rights have no future programming usefulness based on actual demand or market conditions, a write-off of the unamortized cost is recorded in technical and operating expense.
See “— Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” for a discussion of the amortization and write-off of program rights.
DISH Network
Effective May 20, 2012 with regard to Sundance Channel and July 1, 2012 with regard to AMC, WE tv and IFC, DISH Network terminated carriage of our national networks. At the time of the termination, DISH Network's termination reduced the Company's total subscribers under affiliation agreements by approximately 13%. This termination did not have a material impact on revenues, net for the year ended December 31, 2012. However, the termination did have a material impact on the Company's and the National Network's AOCF and operating income for the year ended December 31, 2012.
On October 21, 2012, DISH Network, VOOM HD, and Cablevision entered into a confidential settlement agreement and release (the “Settlement Agreement”) to settle litigation between VOOM HD and DISH Network involving various claims arising out of a joint venture between the parties. See Note 11, Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying consolidated financial statements for a description of the principal terms of this settlement agreement. Simultaneously with the execution of the Settlement Agreement, DISH Network entered into a long-term affiliation agreement with AMC Network Entertainment LLC, WE: Women's Entertainment LLC, The Independent Film Channel LLC, Sundance Channel L.L.C. and Fuse Network LLC, a subsidiary of The Madison Square Garden Company that provided for resumption of carriage of all the networks by no later than November 1, 2012.

34


Cablevision and the Company entered into an agreement (the “VOOM Litigation Agreement”) which provides that Cablevision and the Company will share equally in the proceeds (including in the value of any non-cash consideration) of any settlement of the litigation with DISH Network.
The allocation of the settlement proceeds between the AMC Parties and CSC Holdings will be determined pursuant to the VOOM Litigation Agreement. The AMC Parties and CSC Holdings agreed that, pending a determination of the allocation of the settlement proceeds, $350,000 of the cash proceeds would be distributed to each of the Company and Cablevision. Accordingly, the portion disbursed to the Company is included in cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2012. The final amount to be allocated to the Company is yet to be determined and may be significantly less than $350,000.
As the Settlement Agreement and the long-term affiliation agreement entered into on October 21, 2012 represent a multiple-element arrangement that includes elements other than revenue, and there is vendor-specific objective evidence of the fair value of the long-term affiliation agreement, which is the only undelivered element of the arrangement, the Company determined that the residual method of accounting is the most appropriate method to allocate the consideration among the disparate elements of the arrangement. Accordingly, at October 21, 2012, the fair value of the affiliation agreement must be deferred and recognized as revenue as the programming services are provided.
Based on the Company's fair value assessment of the affiliation agreement, the affiliation fees payable by DISH Network to the Company from the effective date of the affiliation agreement of October 21, 2012 through December 31, 2013 are below fair value by approximately $31,000 and the affiliation fees payable by DISH Network over the remaining term of the affiliation agreement represent fair value. As a result, the Company recorded the $31,000 excess of the fair value of the affiliation agreement over the contractual affiliation fees as deferred revenue on October 21, 2012, of which approximately $5,000 was recognized as revenue during 2012 as the programming services were provided. The remaining $26,000 is included in deferred revenue in the December 31, 2012 consolidated balance sheet and will be recognized ratably over 2013 as the programming services are provided.
Deferred litigation settlement proceeds of approximately $308,000 is recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2012, which is the result of the $350,000 temporary allocation of proceeds, less the $31,000 of deferred revenue and less an $11,000 receivable related to VOOM HD’s previous affiliation agreement with DISH Network. At December 31, 2012, there is no minimum amount of settlement proceeds that the Company is guaranteed. As a result, no litigation settlement gain, if any, was recognized in 2012 and such gain, if any, which could be material, will not be recognized until realized following the final resolution of the allocation of the settlement proceeds.
International and Other
Our International and Other segment primarily includes the operations of AMC/Sundance Channel Global, IFC Films, AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology and VOOM HD.
VOOM HD historically offered a suite of channels, produced exclusively in HD and marketed for distribution to DBS and other multichannel video programming distributors. Through 2008, VOOM was available in the U.S. only on the cable television systems of Cablevision and on the satellite delivered programming of DISH Network. VOOM HD, which we are winding down, continues to sell certain limited amounts of programming through program license agreements. See also Item 3, “Legal Proceedings—DISH Network Contract Dispute” in this Annual Report.
Although we view our international expansion as an important long-term strategy, our international operations are currently expected to represent only a small percentage of our projected overall financial results over the next five years. However, international expansion could provide a benefit to our financial results if we were able to grow this portion of our business faster than expected. Similar to our domestic businesses, the most significant business challenges we expect to encounter in our international business include programming competition (from both foreign and domestic programmers), limited channel capacity on distributors’ platforms, the growth of subscribers on those platforms and economic pressures on affiliation fees. Other significant business challenges unique to international expansion include increased programming costs for international rights and translation (i.e. dubbing and subtitling), a lack of availability of international rights for a portion of our domestic programming content, increased distribution costs for cable, satellite or fiber feeds and a limited physical presence in each territory.

35


Spin-off from Cablevision
On June 30, 2011, Cablevision spun-off the Company (the "Distribution") and we became an independent public company. In connection with the Distribution, Cablevision contributed all of the membership interests of RMH to us. RMH owned, directly or indirectly, the businesses included in Cablevision’s Rainbow Media segment. On June 30, 2011, Cablevision effected the Distribution of all of AMC Networks’ outstanding common stock. In the Distribution, each holder of Cablevision NY Group (“CNYG”) Class A Common Stock of record on June 16, 2011 received one share of AMC Networks Class A Common Stock for every four shares of CNYG Class A Common Stock held on the record date, which resulted in the issuance of approximately 57,813,000 shares of Class A Common Stock. Each record holder of CNYG Class B Common Stock received one share of AMC Networks Class B Common Stock for every four shares of CNYG Class B Common Stock held on the record date, which resulted in the issuance of approximately 13,534,000 shares of Class B Common Stock. Immediately prior to the Distribution, we were an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Cablevision. Both Cablevision and AMC Networks continue to be controlled by the Dolan Family.
As part of the Distribution, the Company incurred debt of $2,425,000 ("Distribution Debt"), consisting of $1,725,000 aggregate principal amount of senior secured term loans and $700,000 aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes (see Note 6 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements). Approximately $1,063,000 of the proceeds of the Distribution Debt was used to repay all pre-Distribution outstanding debt (excluding capital leases), including principal and accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repayment, and, as partial consideration for Cablevision’s contribution of the membership interests in RMH to us, $1,250,000, net of discount, of Distribution Debt was issued to CSC Holdings, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cablevision, which is reflected as a deemed capital distribution in the consolidated statement of stockholders’ deficiency for the year ended December 31, 2011. CSC Holdings used such Distribution Debt to satisfy and discharge outstanding CSC Holdings debt, which ultimately resulted in such Distribution Debt being held by third party investors.
2010 Transactions
On December 31, 2010, RMH transferred its membership interests in News 12 (regional news programming services), Rainbow Advertising Sales Corporation (“RASCO”) (a cable television advertising company), and certain other businesses to wholly-owned subsidiaries of Cablevision in contemplation of the Distribution. The operating results of these transferred entities through the date of transfer have been presented in discontinued operations for the year ended December 31, 2010 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Corporate Expenses
Our historical results of operations reflected in our consolidated financial statements, for periods prior to the Distribution, include management fee charges and the allocation of expenses related to certain corporate functions historically provided by Cablevision. Our results of operations after the Distribution reflect certain revenues and expenses related to transactions with or charges from related parties as described in Note 14 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. As a separate, stand-alone public company, we have expanded our financial, administrative and other staff to support the related new requirements. In addition, we continue to add systems to replace those Cablevision systems we currently rely on. However, our corporate operating costs as a separate company subsequent to the Distribution, including those associated with being a publicly-traded company, through December 31, 2012 have been lower than the historical allocation of expenses related to certain corporate functions (including management fee charges). Pursuant to a consulting agreement with Cablevision, until the Distribution date the Company paid a management fee calculated based on certain of our subsidiaries' gross revenues (as defined under the terms of the consulting agreement) on a monthly basis. We terminated the consulting agreement on the Distribution date and did not replace it.
We allocate corporate overhead to each segment based upon their proportionate estimated usage of services. The segment financial information set forth below, including the discussion related to individual line items, does not reflect inter-segment eliminations unless specifically indicated.
Cautionary Note Concerning Historical Financial Statements
As noted above, our consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the Distribution have been derived from the consolidated financial statements and accounting records of Cablevision and reflect certain assumptions and allocations. Our pre-Distribution results of operations and cash flows could differ from those that might have resulted had we operated autonomously or as an entity independent of Cablevision.
Our capital structure after the Distribution is different from the capital structure presented in the historical consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the Distribution and, accordingly, our interest expense in periods after June 30, 2011 as a separate independent entity is, and we expect will continue to be, materially higher than the interest expense reflected in our historical consolidated financial statements in periods prior to June 30, 2011.

36


Impact of Economic Conditions
Our future performance is dependent, to a large extent, on general economic conditions including the impact of direct competition, our ability to manage our businesses effectively, and our relative strength and leverage in the marketplace, both with suppliers and customers.
Additional capital and credit market disruptions could cause economic downturns, which may lead to lower demand for our products, such as lower demand for television advertising and a decrease in the number of subscribers receiving our programming networks from our distributors. We have experienced some of the effects of the economic downturn. Continuation of events such as these may adversely impact our results of operations, cash flows and financial position.
Consolidated Results of Operations
Year Ended December 31, 2012 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2011
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
%
change
Revenues, net
$
1,352,577

 
100.0
 %
 
$
1,187,741

 
100.0
 %
 
$
164,836

 
13.9
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
507,436

 
37.5

 
425,961

 
35.9

 
81,475

 
19.1

Selling, general and administrative
396,926

 
29.3

 
335,656

 
28.3

 
61,270

 
18.3

Restructuring credit
(3
)
 

 
(240
)
 

 
237

 
(98.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
85,380

 
6.3

 
99,848

 
8.4

 
(14,468
)
 
(14.5
)
Total operating expenses
989,739

 
73.2

 
861,225

 
72.5

 
128,514

 
14.9

Operating income
362,838

 
26.8

 
326,516

 
27.5

 
36,322

 
11.1

Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(127,276
)
 
(9.4
)
 
(94,796
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(32,480
)
 
34.3

Write-off of deferred financing costs
(1,862
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(6,247
)
 
(0.5
)
 
4,385

 
(70.2
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(10,774
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(14,726
)
 
(1.2
)
 
3,952

 
(26.8
)
Miscellaneous, net
(652
)
 

 
(137
)
 

 
(515
)
 
375.9

Total other income (expense)
(140,564
)
 
(10.4
)
 
(115,906
)
 
(9.8
)
 
(24,658
)
 
21.3

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
222,274

 
16.4

 
210,610

 
17.7

 
11,664

 
5.5

Income tax expense
(86,058
)
 
(6.4
)
 
(84,248
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(1,810
)
 
2.1

Income from continuing operations
136,216

 
10.1

 
126,362

 
10.6

 
9,854

 
7.8

Income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
314

 

 
92

 

 
222

 
241.3

Net Income
$
136,530

 
10.1
 %
 
$
126,454

 
10.6
 %
 
$
10,076

 
8.0
 %

37


The following is a reconciliation of our consolidated operating income to AOCF:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$ change
 
% change
Operating income
$
362,838

 
$
326,516

 
$
36,322

 
11.1
 %
Share-based compensation expense
17,202

 
15,589

 
1,613

 
10.3

Restructuring credit
(3
)
 
(240
)
 
237

 
(98.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
85,380

 
99,848

 
(14,468
)
 
(14.5
)
AOCF
$
465,417

 
$
441,713

 
$
23,704

 
5.4
 %
National Networks Segment Results
The following table sets forth our National Networks segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
%
change
Revenues, net
$
1,254,186

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,082,358

 
100.0
%
 
$
171,828

 
15.9
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
450,124

 
35.9

 
366,998

 
33.9

 
83,126

 
22.7

Selling, general and administrative
325,509

 
26.0

 
280,387

 
25.9

 
45,122

 
16.1

Depreciation and amortization
70,436

 
5.6

 
85,701

 
7.9

 
(15,265
)
 
(17.8
)
Operating income
$
408,117

 
32.5
%
 
$
349,272

 
32.3
%
 
$
58,845

 
16.8
 %
Share-based compensation expense
13,576

 
1.1

 
12,582

 
1.2

 
994

 
7.9

Depreciation and amortization
70,436

 
5.6

 
85,701

 
7.9

 
(15,265
)
 
(17.8
)
AOCF
$
492,129

 
39.2
%
 
$
447,555

 
41.3
%
 
$
44,574

 
10.0
 %
International and Other Segment Results
The following table sets forth our International and Other segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
%
change
Revenues, net
$
114,541

 
100.0
 %
 
$
125,573

 
100.0
 %
 
$
(11,032
)
 
(8.8
)%
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
76,468

 
66.8

 
77,485

 
61.7

 
(1,017
)
 
(1.3
)
Selling, general and administrative
71,739

 
62.6

 
56,071

 
44.7

 
15,668

 
27.9

Restructuring credit
(3
)
 

 
(240
)
 
(0.2
)
 
237

 
(98.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
14,944

 
13.0

 
14,147

 
11.3

 
797

 
5.6

Operating loss
$
(48,607
)
 
(42.4
)%
 
$
(21,890
)
 
(17.4
)%
 
$
(26,717
)
 
122.1
 %
Share-based compensation expense
3,626

 
3.2

 
3,007

 
2.4

 
619

 
20.6

Restructuring credit
(3
)
 

 
(240
)
 
(0.2
)
 
237

 
(98.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
14,944

 
13.0

 
14,147

 
11.3

 
797

 
5.6

AOCF deficit
$
(30,040
)
 
(26.2
)%
 
$
(4,976
)
 
(4.0
)%
 
$
(25,064
)
 
503.7
 %

38


Revenues, net
Revenues, net increased $164,836 to $1,352,577 for the year ended December 31, 2012 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2011. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
% of
total
 
2011
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
%
change
National Networks
$
1,254,186

 
92.7
 %
 
$
1,082,358

 
91.1
 %
 
$
171,828

 
15.9
 %
International and Other
114,541

 
8.5

 
125,573

 
10.6

 
(11,032
)
 
(8.8
)
Inter-segment eliminations
(16,150
)
 
(1.2
)
 
(20,190
)
 
(1.7
)
 
4,040

 
(20.0
)
Consolidated revenues, net
$
1,352,577

 
100.0
 %
 
$
1,187,741

 
100.0
 %
 
$
164,836

 
13.9
 %
National Networks
The increase in National Networks revenues, net is attributable to the following:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
% of
total
 
2011
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
%
change
Advertising
$
522,917

 
41.7
%
 
$
447,449

 
41.3
%
 
$
75,468

 
16.9
%
Distribution and other
731,269

 
58.3

 
634,909

 
58.7

 
96,360

 
15.2

 
$
1,254,186

 
100.0
%
 
$
1,082,358

 
100.0
%
 
$
171,828

 
15.9
%
Advertising revenues increased $75,468 resulting from higher pricing per unit sold due to an increased demand for our programming by advertisers, primarily at AMC and an increased number of original programming series aired on AMC during 2012 as compared to 2011. These increases were partially offset by decreases in advertising revenues associated with the temporary DISH Network carriage termination of all of our networks for approximately four months in 2012. As previously discussed, most of our advertising revenues vary based on the timing of our original programming series and the popularity of our programming as measured by Nielsen. Due to these factors, we expect advertising revenues to vary from quarter to quarter; and
Distribution and other revenues increased $96,360 primarily due to an increase of $65,918 from digital, licensing, international and home video distribution revenues derived from our National Networks original programming, primarily at AMC and an increase in affiliation fee revenues primarily attributable to an increase in rates, including the impact of lower amortization of deferred carriage fees. These increases were partially offset by a decrease associated with the temporary DISH Network carriage termination and a contractual adjustment from a distributor that increased revenue in 2011. As previously discussed, distribution revenues vary based on the timing of availability of our programming to distributors. Because of these factors, we expect distribution revenues to vary from quarter to quarter.
The following table presents certain subscriber information at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
 
Estimated Domestic
Subscribers
 
December 31, 2012
 
December 31, 2011
National Programming Networks:
 
 
 
AMC(1)
98,900

 
96,300

WE tv(1)
81,500

 
76,100

IFC(1)
69,600

 
65,300

Sundance Channel(2)
50,200

 
42,100

________________
(1)
Estimated U.S. subscribers as measured by Nielsen.
(2)
Subscriber counts are based on internal management reports and represent viewing subscribers.


39


The increase in subscribers reflects the repositioning of our networks carriage with certain operators to more widely distributed tiers of service. Additionally, the number of reported AMC, WE tv, and IFC subscribers may be impacted by changes in the Nielsen sample.
International and Other
The decrease in International and Other revenues, net is attributable to the following:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
% of
total
 
2011
 
% of
total
 
$ change
 
%
change
Advertising
$
147

 
0.1
%
 
$
177

 
0.1
%
 
$
(30
)
 
(16.9
)%
Distribution and other
114,394

 
99.9

 
125,396

 
99.9

 
(11,002
)
 
(8.8
)
 
$
114,541

 
100.0
%
 
$
125,573

 
100.0
%
 
$
(11,032
)
 
(8.8
)%
Distribution and other revenues decreased primarily related to $14,525 of decreased transmission revenue at AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology due to the expiration of certain agreements and a net decrease in revenue at IFC Films due to lower performance for several theatrical titles and lower television licensing revenue. In addition, revenue at VOOM HD decreased primarily related to lower distribution revenue. These decreases were partially offset by increased foreign affiliation fee revenues of $5,005 from our international distribution of Sundance Channel and WE tv channels due to expanded distribution in Asia and Europe.
Technical and operating expense (excluding depreciation and amortization)
The components of technical and operating expense primarily include the amortization and impairments or write-offs of program rights, such as those for original programming, feature films and licensed series, participation and residual costs, distribution and production related costs and program operating costs, such as origination, transmission, uplinking and encryption.
Technical and operating expense (excluding depreciation and amortization) increased $81,475 to $507,436 for 2012 as compared to 2011. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
$
450,124

 
$
366,998

 
$
83,126

 
22.7
 %
International and Other
76,468

 
77,485

 
(1,017
)
 
(1.3
)
Inter-segment eliminations
(19,156
)
 
(18,522
)
 
(634
)
 
3.4

Total
$
507,436

 
$
425,961

 
$
81,475

 
19.1
 %
Percentage of revenues, net
37.5
%
 
35.9
%
 
 
 
 
National Networks
The increase in the National Networks segment is attributable to increased amortization of program rights of $79,876 primarily at AMC and WE tv, which includes a write-off of $9,990 based on management's assessment of programming usefulness and increased participation and residual costs at AMC, and an increase of $3,250 for programming related costs. There may be significant changes in the level of our technical and operating expenses due to content acquisition and/or original programming costs and/or the impact of management’s periodic assessment of programming usefulness. Such costs will also fluctuate with the level of revenues derived from owned original programming in each period. As additional competition for programming increases and alternate distribution technologies continue to develop in the industry, costs for content acquisition and original programming may increase. As we continue to increase our investment in original programming, we expect the amortization of program rights to increase in 2013 over the prior year comparable period.
International and Other
The International and Other segment (excluding VOOM HD) decreased primarily due to; (i) a decrease of $4,621 in transmission expenses at AMC Networks Broadcasting & Technology due to a reduction in transmission agreements and (ii) a decrease of $5,096 primarily related to lower content acquisition costs at IFC Films. These decreases were partially offset by; (i) an increase at AMC/Sundance Channel Global of $6,261 primarily related to programming costs, (ii) an increase of $2,238 in transmission and programming related expenses due to increased distribution in Asia and Europe and (iii) an increase of $2,817 in programming expenses for our developing businesses. Technical and operating expenses in the International and Other segment also decreased because programming costs at VOOM HD decreased $2,574 resulting primarily from ceasing distribution of the Rush HD channel in Europe in April 2011.

40


Selling, general and administrative expense
The components of selling, general and administrative expense primarily include sales, marketing and advertising expenses, administrative costs and costs of facilities.
Selling, general and administrative expense increased $61,270 to $396,926 for 2012 as compared to 2011. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
 
$
325,509

 
$
280,387

 
$
45,122

 
16.1
 %
International and Other
 
71,739

 
56,071

 
15,668

 
27.9

Inter-segment eliminations
 
(322
)
 
(802
)
 
480

 
(59.9
)
Total
 
$
396,926

 
$
335,656

 
$
61,270

 
18.3
 %
Percentage of revenues, net
 
29.3
%
 
28.3
%
 
 
 
 
National Networks
The increase in the National Networks segment primarily consists of a $52,676 increase for sales and marketing expenses principally due to the airing of a higher number of original programming series during 2012 as compared to 2011 and increased costs for subscriber retention marketing efforts associated with the temporary DISH Network carriage termination. Additionally, there was a net decrease in other general and administrative costs of $7,741 primarily due to a reduction of corporate allocations from Cablevision following the Distribution (including management fees), partially offset by higher employee related expenses incurred in connection with becoming a stand-alone public company.
Prior to the Distribution, pursuant to a consulting agreement with Cablevision, we paid a management fee calculated based on certain subsidiaries’ gross revenues (as defined under the terms of the consulting agreement) on a monthly basis. We terminated the consulting agreement on the Distribution date and did not replace it.
There may be significant changes in the level of our selling, general and administrative expense from quarter to quarter and year to year due to the timing of promotion and marketing of original programming series and subscriber retention marketing efforts.
International and Other
The increase in the International and Other segment (excluding VOOM HD) primarily consists of an increase of $6,448 for selling, marketing and advertising costs primarily at IFC Films and AMC/Sundance Channel Global due to increased spending on titles being distributed at IFC Films and increased distribution in Europe and Asia and a net increase of $2,617 for general and administrative costs due to higher employee related expenses and costs incurred in connection with becoming a stand-alone public company, net of a reduction of corporate allocations from Cablevision following the Distribution. Selling, general and administrative expenses related to VOOM HD were $10,971 in 2012, an increase of $5,668 as compared to 2011, due to higher legal fees and other related costs and expenses in connection with the DISH Network contract dispute.
Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased $14,468 to $85,380 for 2012 as compared to 2011. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
 
$
70,436

 
$
85,701

 
$
(15,265
)
 
(17.8
)%
International and Other
 
14,944

 
14,147

 
797

 
5.6

 
 
$
85,380

 
$
99,848

 
$
(14,468
)
 
(14.5
)%
The decrease in depreciation and amortization expense in the National Networks segment is primarily attributable to a decrease in amortization expense of $14,620 at Sundance Channel and AMC as certain intangible assets became fully amortized in the second and third quarters of 2012.

41


AOCF
AOCF increased $23,704 to $465,417 for 2012 as compared to 2011. The net change by segment was as follows:
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012
 
2011
 
$ change
 
% change
National Networks
 
$
492,129

 
$
447,555

 
$
44,574

 
10.0
 %
International and Other
 
(30,040
)
 
(4,976
)
 
(25,064
)
 
503.7

Inter-segment eliminations
 
3,328

 
(866
)
 
4,194

 
(484.3
)
AOCF
 
$
465,417

 
$
441,713

 
$
23,704

 
5.4
 %
National Networks AOCF increased due to an increase in revenues, net of $171,828 and a decrease in management fees, partially offset by an increase in technical and operating expenses resulting primarily from an increase in amortization of program rights expense which includes program rights write-offs of $9,990 and marketing expense due to the increase in the number of original programming premieres and subscriber retention marketing efforts associated with the temporary DISH Network carriage termination.
International and Other AOCF deficit increased primarily due a decrease in revenues, net of $11,032, an increase in selling, general and administrative expenses and programming and transmission related costs and selling costs at AMC/Sundance Channel Global and an increase in legal fees and other costs in connection with the DISH Network contract dispute.
Interest expense, net
The increase in interest expense, net of $32,480 from 2011 to 2012 is attributable to the following:
Indebtedness incurred in connection with the Distribution
$
49,329

Repayment of the Rainbow National Services LLC ("RNS") senior notes in May 2011 and the RNS credit facility and the RNS senior subordinated notes in June 2011
(31,036
)
Interest rate swap contracts (a)
13,743

Decrease in interest income
572

Other
(128
)
 
$
32,480

(a) During 2012, in connection with the repayment of the outstanding principal amount under the term loan B facility, we recorded an unrealized loss of $8,725, included in interest expense, on the related interest rate swap contracts previously designated as cash flow hedges of a portion of the term loan B facility as the related interest rate swap contracts no longer qualified for hedge accounting.
Write-off of deferred financing costs
The write-off of deferred financing costs of $1,862 for the year ended December 31, 2012 represents $964 of deferred financing costs written off in connection with the $150,000 of voluntary prepayments of the term loan A facility during 2012 and $898 of deferred financing costs written off in connection with the repayment of the outstanding amount of the term loan B facility (see below) in December 2012.
The write-off of deferred financing costs of $6,247 for the year ended December 31, 2011 represents $1,186 of deferred financing costs written off in connection with the redemption of the RNS 8 3/4% senior notes in May 2011, $2,062 and $2,455 of deferred financing costs written off in connection with the repayment of the outstanding borrowings under the RNS credit facility and the RNS 10 3/8% senior subordinated notes, respectively, in June 2011 in connection with the Distribution and $544 of deferred financing costs written off associated with the $100,000 of voluntary prepayments of the term loan A facility during 2011.
Loss on extinguishment of debt
In December 2012, we issued $600,000 aggregate principal amount of 4.75% senior notes due December 15, 2022. We used the net proceeds from the issuance of the notes to repay the outstanding amount under the term loan B facility of approximately $587,600, with the remaining proceeds used for general corporate purposes. In connection with this repayment, we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $10,774 for the year ended December 31, 2012 representing the excess of the principal amount repaid over the carrying value of the term loan B facility.

42


The loss on extinguishment of debt of $14,726 for the year ended December 31, 2011 represents $14,535 for the excess of the redemption price, premium paid and related fees along with accretion to principal amount over the carrying value of the $325,000 principal amount of the RNS 10 3/8% senior subordinated notes redeemed June 30, 2011 associated with the tender offer which occurred in connection with the Distribution and $191 associated with the $100,000 of voluntary prepayments of the term loan A facility during 2011.
Income tax expense
Income tax expense attributable to continuing operations was $86,058 for the year ended December 31, 2012, representing an effective tax rate of 39%. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to state income tax expense of $4,970, tax expense of $4,685 related to uncertain tax positions, including accrued interest and a tax benefit of $2,344 resulting from a decrease in the valuation allowance relating primarily to certain local income tax credit carry forwards. We expect our effective tax rate to be approximately 38% in future periods.
Income tax expense attributable to continuing operations was $84,248 for the year ended December 31, 2011, representing an effective tax rate of 40%. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to state income tax expense of $8,020, tax expense of $3,300 related to uncertain tax positions, including accrued interest and a tax benefit of $2,326 resulting from a decrease in the valuation allowance with regard to certain local income tax credit carry forwards.

43


Consolidated Results of Operations
Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2010
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
 
 
 
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
Amount
 
% of
Revenues,
net
 
$ change
 
%
change
Revenues, net
$
1,187,741

 
100.0
 %
 
$
1,078,300

 
100.0
 %
 
$
109,441

 
10.1
 %
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Technical and operating (excluding depreciation and amortization)
425,961

 
35.9

 
366,093

 
34.0

 
59,868

 
16.4

Selling, general and administrative
335,656

 
28.3

 
328,134

 
30.4

 
7,522

 
2.3

Restructuring credit
(240
)
 

 
(2,218
)
 
(0.2
)
 
1,978

 
(89.2
)
Depreciation and amortization
99,848

 
8.4

 
106,455

 
9.9

 
(6,607
)
 
(6.2
)
Total operating expenses
861,225

 
72.5

 
798,464

 
74.0

 
62,761

 
7.9

Operating income
326,516

 
27.5

 
279,836

 
26.0

 
46,680

 
16.7

Other income (expense):
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(94,796
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(73,412
)
 
(6.8
)
 
(21,384
)
 
29.1

Write-off of deferred financing costs
(6,247
)
 
(0.5
)
 

 

 
(6,247
)
 

Loss on extinguishment of debt
(14,726
)
 
(1.2
)
 

 

 
(14,726
)
 

Miscellaneous, net
(137
)
 

 
(162
)
 

 
25

 
(15.4
)
Total other income (expense)
(115,906
)
 
(9.8
)
 
(73,574
)
 
(6.8
)
 
(42,332
)
 
57.5

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
210,610

 
17.7

 
206,262

 
19.1

 
4,348

 
2.1

Income tax expense
(84,248
)
 
(7.1
)
 
(88,073
)
 
(8.2
)
 
3,825

 
(4.3
)
Income from continuing operations
126,362

 
10.6

 
118,189

 
11.0

 
8,173

 
6.9

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
92

 

 
(38,090
)
 
(3.5
)
 
38,182

 
(100.2
)
Net Income
$
126,454

 
10.6
 %
 
$
80,099

 
7.4
 %
 
$
46,355

 
57.9
 %
The following is a reconciliation of our consolidated operating income to AOCF:
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
 
2011
 
2010
 
$ change
 
% change
Operating income
$
326,516

 
$
279,836

 
$
46,680

 
16.7
 %
Share-based compensation expense
15,589

 
17,206

 
(1,617
)
 
(9.4
)
Restructuring credit
(240
)
 
(2,218
)
 
1,978

 
(89.2
)
Depreciation and amortization
99,848

 
106,455

 
(6,607
)
 
(6.2
)
AOCF
$
441,713

 
$
401,279

 
$
40,434

 
10.1
 %

44


National Networks Segment Results
The following table sets forth our National Networks segment results for the periods indicated.
 
Years Ended December 31,